Labouring-Class Writers Homepage 




Mabon, Agnes Stuart (b. 1841), of Lochtower Farm, Yethom, Roxburghshire, daughter of a farm overseer, millworker at Jedburgh, author of Homely rhymes, etc. from the banks of the Jed (Paisley, Edinburgh and Jedburgh, 1887). Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 207-13; Boos (1995), 68, Reilly (1994), 295. [S] [F]

M’Anally, Henry, of Castledawson, Londonderry, Irish patriot, shipbuilder in Dumbarton and Partick, later worked for the railway company in Chicago, pub. Effusions after toil: a collection of poems and lyrics (Glasgow, 1884). Ref Reilly (1994), 295. [I]

Macansh, Alexander (b. 1803), of Dunfermline, flax-dresser, self-educated, wrote for Scottish literary periodicals, pub. Social curse; or, Intemperance, a rhyme; and other pieces (1850), A working-man’s bye-hours: consisting of essays, lectures, poems, etc. (Dunfermline, 1866), also co-author of a prose work: Two essays on the benefits of savings’ banks to the working-classes by Messrs. Macansh and Cousin, etc. (1852) Ref Reilly (2000), 287-8, National Library of Scotland. [S]

M’Arthur, Peter (1805-81), of Barrhead, Renfrewshire, calico printer, pattern designer promoted to department head in Glasgow, pub. Amusements in minstrelsy (Glasgow, 1880). Ref Reilly (1994), 296, Murdoch, 156-64; Edwards 1 (1880) and 8 (1886), xxv. [S]

Macaulay, John (b. 1854), of Port-Glasgow, from a poverty-stricken family, blacksmith, pub. in Glasgow Weekly Mail, and pub. Poems and songs (Greenock, 1895). Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 340-5; Reilly (1994), 296. [S]

? M’Auslane, William Thomson (1832-93), of Glasgow, attended a village school and evening classes, clerk and book-keeper, journalist, pub. Summer musings; and, Memories dear (Glasgow, 1889). Ref Reilly (1994), 296, Edwards, 2 (1881), 135-9. [S]

? MacCodrum, John (1693?-1779), Gaelic bard, son of a peasant. [S]

? M’Coll or MacColl, Evan (‘Clarsair nam Beann’), of Kenmoor, Lochfyneside, Highland fisherman and farmer, (self styled ‘Highland Peasant’, Gaelic poet, pub. The Mountain Minstrel; or Poems and Songs (Glasgow, 1836, also pub. in Gaelic; Edinburgh, Glasgow and London, 1838, new edition 1846), includes ‘On the Abolition of Slavery in the British West India Colonies’, and ‘Stanzas on Viewing “The Rejoicings” in a Highland Glen, Occasioned by the Passing of the Reform Bill’. Ref Wilson, II, 303-8, Johnson, items 561-2. [S] [LC 5]

M’Crackett, or M’Craket, Peter (1827-82), of Greenlaw, Berwickshire, Lammermoor shepherd or ‘herd laddie’, draper, teacher, pub. poems in newspapers and three poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 340-5; Edwards, 9 (1886), xvii; Crockett, 187-9. [S]

M’Culloch, James Sloane (b. 1885), of Burnfoot, Carsphairn, Galloway, stonedyker with his father and brothers, pub. Poems: local, lyrical, and miscellaneous (Edinburgh, 1885). Ref Reilly (1994), 298. [S]

M’Donald, Agnes, of Glasgow, blacksmith’s daughter, orphaned, minimum education, wrote for papers including Glasgow Mail, pub. Features of our river, and other poems (Glasgow, 1870). Ref Reilly (2000), 290; Edwards, 15 (1893), 155-9. [S] [F]

MacDonald, Christian (b. 1868), of Callendar, Perthshire, orphaned, machinist in Glasgow, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 321-4. [S] [F]

MacDonald, Hugh (1817-60), of Glasgow then Paisley, born in humble circumstances, printer and journalist, pub. Poems and Songs with A Memoir of the Author (Glasgow, 1863), Poetical works (1865). Ref Glasgow Poets, 333-36; Brown, II, 93-106; Wilson, II, 398-402; Leonard, 215-18; Reilly (2000), 290; Murdoch, 132-38. [S]

M’Donald, Joseph (b. 1827), of Dundee, herd laddie, soldier, railway policeman, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 257-61. [S]

? McDonagh, Michael (1822-93), of Greencastle, County Donegal, printer and compositor on the Limerick Reporter, pub. Lays of Erin, and other poems (Limerick, 1882). Ref Reilly (1994), 299. [I]

Macdougall, Allen (1750-1829), apprenticed to tailor; poems written in Scottish Gaelic. [S]

M’Ewen, Tom (b. 1846), of Busby, near Glasgow, calico printer’s ‘tearer’, pattern designer, painter and poet. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 326-36. [S]

MacFadyen, Dugald (b. 1857), of Maryhill, Glasgow, of Irish roots, draper, songwriter, pub. Songs from the city (London, Edinburgh and Dublin, 1887). Ref Reilly (1994), 301. [S] [I]

Macfarlan, James (1832-62), weaver’s son, pedlar, walked from Glasgow to London to publish a volume of lyrics (1853), contributed to Household Words; other pubs include Poems (1854), Lyrics of Life (1856); Poems contributed to All the year round (Glasgow, ?1870); Poetical Works (1882). Ref ODNB/DNB, Glasogow Poets, 377-86; Wilson, II, 482-5; CBEL III, 347; Reilly (2000), 291; Murdoch, 248-54. [S] [LC 5]

M’Farlane, Samuel (b. c. 1831), of Auchtergaven, Perthshire, small farmer, botanist, pub. poems in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 394-6. [S]

? McGilvray, Alexander, (1800-71), of Paisley, ‘The Rhyming Baker’, town councillor, wrote squibs, pub. The Town’s House on the Market Day, A Poem in Two Cantos (Paisley, 1840), Poems and Songs Satirical and Descriptive, Bearing on the Political, Moral and Religious Character of Man (Glasgow, 1850). Ref Brown, I, 335-39; Leonard, 166-75; Reilly (2000), 291. [S]

McGonagall, William (1830-1902), of Edinburgh, son of an Irish cotton weaver, handloom weaver in Dundee, amateur Shakespearian actor, gave public readings of his verse, pub. Poetic gems, selected from the works of William McGonagall (Dundee, 1890; second series, 1891); numerous reprints and selections from 1890 to the present day. Ref ODNB, Reilly (1994), 302. [S] [LC 6]

McGregor, James, (b. 1858), of Perth, son of the poet John M’Gregor (b. 1827), shoemaker, policeman, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 152-6. [S]

? McGregor, Jane, perfumer of Port Glasgow, pub. Redeeming love, and other poems (Edinburgh, 1862). Ref Reilly (2000), 291. [S] [F]

McGregor, John (1790?-1870), of Paisley, embroiderer. Ref Brown, I, 251-54. [S]

M’Gregor, John (b. 1827), of Perth, handloom weaver, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 149-52. [S]

MacIndoe, George, (1771-1848), of Paisley, silk weaver, later hotel keeper and publican in Glasgow, pub. Poems and Songs, chiefly in the Scottish dialect (1805), The Wandering Muse, A Miscellany of Original Poetry (Paisley, 1813). Ref Brown, I, 69-71; Leonard, 55-6. [S]

M’Intosh, David (b. 1846), of Hillside, Montrose, mechanic, emigrated to America, pub. in People’s Journal, 1 poem in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 329-31. [S]

M’Intosh, John (b. 1848), of Grantown, Spey, itinerant tailor, pub. in People’s Journal and other periodicals. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 203-11. [S]

? M’Intosh, William Stevenson (b. 1838), of Edinburgh, apprentice jeweller, pub in Edwards. Ref Edwards 9 (1886), 69-72. [S]

McIntyre, Duncan Ban (1724-1812), Gaelic poet, forester and soldier for the Earl of Breadalbane, author of Moladh Beinn Dóbhrain (Praise of Ben Dorain); poems first pub. in Edinburgh, 1768. Ref Wilson, I, 227-32, Douglas Mack, ‘James Hogg, John Clare, and Duncan Ban Macintyre: Three British “Peasant Poets”?’, John Clare Society Journal, 22 (2003). [S]

McIntyre, John (1811-72), of Paisley, warper, pub. Favourite Songs (1850), The Emigrants Hope: a collection of Articles in prose and verse, together with a number of original pieces contributed by literary and poetical acquaintances—men of ability and talent—whose names have been before the public these many years (1854). Ref Brown, I, 449-51. [S]

? Mackay, Alexander, butler at Myhall, pub. Original songs and poems, English and Gaelic (Inverness, 1821). Ref Johnson, item 572. [S]

McKay, Archibald (1801-83), Scottish poet apprenticed to a weaver, pub. a satirical poem, Drouthy Tam (1828), and Ingleside Lilts (dnk). Ref Edwards, 2 and Edwards, 9 (1886), xvi; Murdoch, 29-33 [S]

Mackay, Robert (1714-1778), Gaelic bard, unlettered drover, oral poet and folklorist. Ref Wilson, I, 180-3. [S]

M’Kay, Thomas (b. 1857), of Paisley, son of a letterpress printer, packing-box maker, consecutively lost sight in both eyes throgh accidents, ran a shop, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 469-74. [S]

MacKarsie, William (b. 1821), of Falkland, molecatcher, farmer, pub. Hamely Rhymes on Hamely Subjects (Cupar-Fife, 1886). Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 253-8. [S]

M’Kean, Hugh (b. 1869), of Boquhan, Killearn, Stirlingshire, baker’s son, joiner, pub poems in the newspaper and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 324-6. [S]

? M’Kenzie, George (b. 1827), of Paisley, ‘carver’ gilder, picture frame-maker’, pub. poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 548-52.  [S]

M’Kenzie, Hugh (b. 1828), of Kilmarnock, shoemaker, Burns memorialist and poet, pub. Lyrical Lays (Kilmarnock, 1866) and poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 176-82. [S]

McKenzie, William, quarrier of Carmyllie, Angus, pub. A collection of songs & poems (1871). Ref Reilly (2000), 293. [S]

McLachlan, Alexander (1818-96), of Johnstone, worked in cotton factory, apprentice tailor, emigrated to Canada (‘The Burns of Canada’), farmer, pub. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect (1855), Lyrics (1858), The Emigrant (1861), The Poetical Works of Alexander McLachlan (Toronto, 1900). Ref Wilson, II, 403-6, Leonard, 236-8, Edwards, 2 (1881), 258-65. [S]

McLachlan, Alexander (b. 1856), of Greenock, son of Kenneth McLachlan, left school at 11 to be a draper, wrote prose sketches and verses, sample in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 40-4. [S]

? McLachlan, Kenneth (1815-85), of Greenock, Renfrewshire, son of a soldier and shoemaker, calico block-printer, policeman, went deaf, ran a drapery business, pub. The progress of the sciences: a poem (Glasgow and Greenock, 1860), Scenes of the city by night: a poem in six cantos (Glasgow, Edinburgh and London, 1863), Hope’s happy home, and other poems (1869), Beauties of Scotland, and other pieces, with historical notes (London, 1872). Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), xviii; Reilly (2000), 294, Murdoch, 173-80. [S]

? MacLagan, Alexander (1811-79), of Perth, farmer’s son, plumber, lived in Edinbugh and London, pub. first vol of poems in 1841, second in 1850, third, Ragged and Industrial School Rhymes, in 1854, received a civil list pension, and went on to write patriotic and military verses: Volunteer songs (1863), Balmoral: Lays of the Highlands, and other poems (Blackie, 1871), Ragged school rhymes (1871), National songs and ballads (1878). Ref Wilson, II, 341-7, Reilly (2000), 294, Murdoch, 147-50. [S]

McLardy, James (b. 1824), of Glasgow, learned to be shoemaker like his father, involved in founding boot and shoe factories, later emigrated to US, individual works never collected or published separately but some appeared in Paisley Literary Miscellany. Ref Brown, II, 189-92. [S]

M’Laren, John Wilson (b. 1861), of Grassmarket, Edinburgh (‘The Laddie Bard’), seaman’s son, orphan, messenger, bootmaker, newsagent, compositor, pub. Rhymes frae the chimla-lug (Edinburgh, 1881); Scots poems and ballants (Edinburgh, 1892). Ref Reilly (1994), 308, Edwards, 2 (1881), 346-9. [S]

McLaren, William (1772-1832), of Paisley, poet and weaver, acquainted with Tannahill, whom he helped to publish, pub. ‘Address delivered at the celebration of the birth of Burns, at the first general meeting of the Paisley Burns Anniversary Society’ (1815), Emma, or the Cruel Father: A Poetical Tale, with other Poems and Songs (1817), Isabella, or the Robbers: a Poetical Tale of the Olden Times, and other Poems (1827), many periodical publications. Ref Brown, I, 78-83; Johnson 46, no. 309. [S]

M’Lay, John, of Airdrie, collier, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 388-92. [S]

M’Lean, Andrew (b. 1848), of Renton, Dumbartonshire, apprentice joiner, worked his passage across the Atlantic, joined the US Navy, served in the Civil War, Managing Editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 135-9. [S]

MacLean, Hugh Archibald, engineer, postal worker. Ref Edwards 10 (1887), 84-7. [S]

McLennan, Anne (1840-83), of Resolis, Ross & Cromarty, domestic servant, ‘Bible-woman’, pub. Poems, sacred and secular (Edinburgh, 1884). Ref Reilly (1994), 308. [S] [F]

M’Leod, Ewen (b. 1809), of Colbost, Isle of Skye, Gaelic songwriter and English poet, farmer’s son, apprentice shoemaker, then worked for a publishing house travelling in England and Scotland, pub. prose and verse in newspapers. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 133-6. [S]

M’Lintoch, Agnes C. (d. 1878), of Gourock or Greenock, Renfrewshire, servant at Glasgow, lived in humble circumstances, died of TB, pub. The broken plough, and other poems (Glasgow and Edinburgh, 1877). Ref Macleod, 264-65; Edwards, 13 (1890), 338-9; Reilly (2000), 295. [S] [F]

McManus, Cornelius (b. 1863), of Brindle, Lancs, working man, author of ‘John Barleycorn’s Diary’ and other poems and stories. Ref Hull, 424-9, Maidment (1987), 179-80.

McMillan, Daniel (b. 1846), of Dalintobel, Campbelltown, Argyllshire, herder, ironmonger, manufacturer. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 300-5; Murdoch, 282-5. [S]

M’Murdo, George (b. 1843), of Muirkirk, Ayrshire, coalminer, pub. Poems and miscellaneous pieces (Ardrossan, 1882). Ref Reilly (1994), 309; Edwards, 5 (1883), 220-4. [S]

M’Neil or McNeil, Duncan McFarlane (b. 1830), of Paisley, weaver’s drawboy, baker, pub. ‘When I was a Drawboy’ and other poems in his The Reformed Drunkard or the Adventure on the Muir with Other Poems and Songs (Paisley, 1860, Glasgow, 1899). Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 318-21; Brown, II, 287-92; Leonard, 219-23; Reilly (2000), 296. [S]

M’Neill, Kate (b. 1858), of Houston, Renfrewshire, daughter of a working man; mother an invalid, religious poet, poems io Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 228-32. [S] [F]

M’Neill, Peter (b. 1839), of Tranent, East Lothian, coal miner from age nine, evening school, post messenger, bookseller, wrote poems from age 16, sold hand-writen copes of early work through the local bookseller, pub. Youthful Musings (1863), Poems and Songs (1864), Archie Tamson, the Parish Beadle (1867, prose work), Adventures of Geordie Borthwick, a Strolling Player (1869), Sandy Glen and other sketches (1871), The Battle of Preston; Gaffer Gray: or, Knox and his times, and other poems and songs (Tranent and Edinburgh, ?1878, 1882). Ref Reilly (2000), 296; Edwards, 5 (1883), 292-7. [S]

MacNicol, Duncan (b. 1851), of Luss, Dunbartonshire, teacher, gardener, handyman, settled on Rothesay as a cabman, pub. Bute, and other poems (Glasgow, 1897), Glen fruin, and other poems (Rothesay, 1885). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 279-82; Reilly (1994), 310. [S]

? M’Phail, Duncn (b. 1844), of Paisley, handloom weaver’s son, draper, counting-house manager, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 395- 401. [S]

MacPherson, Colin (b. 1826), of Keith, Banffshire, herder, shoemaker, packman, potato merchant, pub. The farmer’s friend: the errors in the present method of rearing and breeding of cattle exposed, the causes of disease and plagues in cattle traced to the injurious system of gross stall feeding, and inadequate housing and breeding from too young and unmatured stock, spurious manures, their baneful effects on cattle, crops, and soil, &c (Dundee, 1878) [this is a book of poems, but he also wrote prose articles on diseases in potato, described by Reilly as ‘useful’]. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 33-6, Reilly (2000), 297. [S]

MacPherson, Daniel (c. 1810-86) , of Alvie, Badenoch, servant, police officer in Edinburgh, colliery engineer on Tyneside, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 26-331. [S]

? MacPherson, Hector, of Tain, Rosshire (b. 1864), draper, pub. poems in the Weekly Scotsman and other newspapers. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 60-3. [S]

MacPherson, Mary (b. c. 1823), ‘The Skye Poetess’, crofter, shoemaker’s wife, nurse, fluent in reading English and Gaelic but unable to write, pub a large volume in Inverness, c. 1893, containing 6,000 lines taken down from her recitation by John Whyte. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 42-5. [S] [F]

MacPherson, Rachel (b. 1861), of Huntly, milliner, pub. in Aberdeenshire newspapers, 1 poem in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 203-5. [S] [F]

McPherson, William (b. 1842), of Paisley, farm labourer, joiner, ship’s carpenter, pub. pieces in newspapers. Ref Brown, II, 387-90. [S]

M’Queen, James (b. c. 1862), of Edinkillie, Moray, cartwright’s son and miller’s grandson, uneducated outworker, music tutor and musician, pub. Beauties of Morayland and other poems and songs (Elgin, 1888), and poems in Edwards, 13 (1890), 45-9. [S]

MacQueen, Thomas, journeyman mason of Bakip, pub. Poems and songs (Glasgow, 1826); My gloaming amusements, a variety of poems (Beith, 1831); The Exile, a Poem in seven books (Glasgow, 1836). Ref Johnson, items 576-8. [Note: Edwards, 2 (1881), 323-5 includes a ‘Thomas M’Queen’ who d. in 1861, having emigrated to Canada and published 3 vols from 1836-1850; possibly the same poet; and Ashraf, I, 35, mentions ‘Thomas MacQueen’s Moorland Minstrel’ [Glasgow, 1840] [S]

M’Vittie, James (b. 1833), of Langhorn, Dumfriesshire, crofter-shepherd’s son, cotton weaver, wool spinner, revivalist and temperance Reformer, pub. In memoriam, and songs of cheer from the cradle to the grave (Glasgow, 1893). Ref Reilly (1994), 310. [S]

M’Whirter, David, of the Isle of Whithorn, Wigtownshire, pub. A ploughboy’s musings: being a selection of English and humorous Scotch poems (Whithorn, 1883). Ref Reilly (1994), 310; Whithron web page, <>. [S]

Magill, Patrick (b. 1891), of Glenties, Donegal, farmhand, moved to Scotland, worked as ‘farmhand, drainer, tramp, hammerman, navvy, plate-layer and wrestler’, pub. Gleanings from a Navvy’s Scrapbook which sold 8,000 copies, Soldier Songs (London, 1917), Songs of the Dead End (London, 1920). Ref Leonard, 360-6. [I] [S] [OP]

Mailing, Edith, of a poor family, father taught her to read, m. at 17, two children d., pub. Poems, with a sketch of her life, in her own words (London, 1875). Ref Reilly (2000), 299, BL. [F]

? Malins, Joseph (1844-1926), of Worcester, apprentice decorative painter, temperance advocate, pub. Professor Alcoholico: a temperance poem (Birmingham, 1876), Popular temperance recitations (Maidstone, 1890). Ref Reilly (1994), 312, Reilly (2000), 299-300.

? Mallet, Josiah Reddie, of Harlyn Bay, pub. A life’s history, told in homely verse, and miscellaneous poems (London, 1895). Ref Reilly (1994), 312.

? Mangan, Clarence (1803-49), Irish poet, lawyer’s clerk. Ref Ashraf (1975), 210-13, Scheckner, 264, Miles, III, 453, Ricks, 94-6, LION. [I]

Manson, James (1792-1863), clothier, journalist, violincellist, blind in later life, pub. Lyrics & ballads (Glasgow, 1863). Ref Reilly (2000), 300. [S]

? Marshall, Charles (1795-1882), of Paisley, shoemaker poet, later a minister in Dunfermline, pub. Lays and Lectures for Scotia’s Daughters of Industry (Edinburgh, 1853), Homely Words and Songs for Working Men and Women (Edinburgh, 1856), The watchman’s round, in the way of life, and the way of death (Edinburgh, 1868). Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), xvi; Leonard, 199-202. [S]

Marshall, James (b. 1829), of Burrelton, Cargill, Perthshire, nurseryman and seedsman, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 163-7. [S]

Marshall, Thomas, of Newcastle upon Tyne, brush-maker, songwriter, pub. a collection in 1829. Ref Allan, 250-6.

? Martin, Tobias (1747-1828), Cornish miner and mine agent, pub. The remains of the late Tobias Martin of Breage, in Cornwall, mine agent (Helston, 1831). Ref Johnson, item 592.

? Martin, William (1772 –1851), natural philosopher and poet; worked as ropemaker and served in militia; 151 entries in NCSTC; Harlequin’s Invasion (1811); A new philosophical song or Poem book, called the Northumberland Bard (1827).

Massey, Gerald (1828-1907), of Gamble Wharf, Tring, Hertfordshire, son of a canal boatman, straw-plaiter and errand boy, later a Chartist and popular lecturer, author of Poems and Chansons (1848); Voices of Freedom and Lyrics of Love! (1850, 1851); The Ballad of Babe Christabel, with other Lyrical Poems (1854); Poems and Ballads by Gerald Massey, containing the Ballad of Babe Christabel (1855); Complete Poetical Works (Boston, 1857); My lyrical life: poems old and new (London, 1889, various editions and series); may have written Chartist poetry under the Pseudonym ‘Bandiera’ (Sheckner, 116-18, 330). Ref ODNB, David Shaw, Gerald Massey: Chartist, Poet, Radical and Freethinker (Buckland, 1955); NCBEL III, 538, Vicinus (1974), 102-7, Cross, 128, 156-61, Maidment (1983), 79, Maidment (1987), 55-6, 167-9, 201-3, 312-14, Kovalev, 202-9, Scheckner, 265-84, 340-1, Zlotnick, 175; Reilly (1994), 318, LION, Miles, V, 315, Ricks, 560-1, Reilly (2000), 305-6. [LC 5]

Massie, Joseph C (1868-88), of Forfar, factory worker in the textile industry, pub. as ‘Adonais’ and ‘The Factory Boy’, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards 9 (1886), 55-9 and 12 (1889), x. [S]

Masters, Mary (c. 1706-c. 1759). Ref Rowton, 139-40, Christmas, 31. [LC 1] [F]

Mather, Joseph (1737-1804), filesmith who ‘could neither read nor write’, pub. A Collection of Songs, Poems, Satires, &c. (Sheffield, 1811), Songs, ed. by J. Wilson (Sheffield, 1862), with a useful ‘Memoir’. Ref Armitage, W.H.G., ‘Joseph Mather: poet of the filesmiths’, Notes & Queries, 22 (July 1950), Vicinus (1969), 22-3, NCBEL II; Lonsdale (1984), 788-91, 855n, Hobday, LION.

Matthews, Alfred T (b. c. 1860), of Broughton-Ferry, painter, bleacher’s son, worked in a warping mill, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 13 (1890), 270-8. [S]

Mauchline, James (b. 1817), of Gifford Park, Edinburgh, soldier poet, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 318-20 [S]

Maxwell, Alexander (b. 1791), of Dundee, cow herder, joiner, works manager, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 402-6. [S]

Maxwell, Gavin (fl. 1789). [LC 3] [S]

? Maxwell, George (b. 1832), of Dundee, shop-worker, book keeper, pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 399-403. [S]

Maxwell, James (1720-1800), Paisley weaver and poet, has a total of 46 ESTC entries, pubs. include Divine Miscellanies; or Sacred Poems (1756/7); Hymns and Spiritual Songs (1759), Animadversions on Some Poets and Poetasters of the Present Age (1788); The Divine Origin of Poetry Asserted and Proved, The Abuse of it Reproved, and Poetasters Threatened. To Which is Added a Meditation on May, or, The Brief History of a Modern Poet . Two Moral Essays (Paisley, 1790); A Brief Narrative; or Some Remarks on the Life of James Maxwell, Poet, in Paisley. Written by himself (1795). Ref Brown, I, 14-26, Leonard, 1-4. [LC 2] [S]

Maybee, Robert (1810-91, Sixty-eight Years’ Experience on the Scilly Islands (Penzance, 1884). Ref ODNB, Wright, 327-8, Ashton & Roberts, ch. 5, 65-69, Vincent, 207. [LC 6]

? Mayne, John (1759=1836), of Dumfries, printer, journalist, author of ‘The Siller Gun’. Ref Glasgow Poets, 64-89; ‘Electric Scotland’ web page <>. [S]

? Mead, Edward (‘Commodore’), of Birmingham, popular Chartist lecturer and poet, author of ‘The Steam King’ (Northern Star, 11 February 1843). Ref Ashraf (1978), I. 42-3; Kovalev, 91-5, Maidment (1987), 41-2, Scheckner, 287-91, 341.

Meek, Robert (b. 1836), of Leith, message boy, public weigher, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 209-13. [S]

? Mellor, John William, Lancashire dialect poet, pub. Stories and Rhymes (Manchester, 1869). Ref Reilly (2000), 309-10.

Mennon, Robert (1797-1885), of Ayton, Berwickshire, slater, plasterer and glazier, later lived in London, pub. Poems: moral and religious (Edinburgh, ?1860, ?1885). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 130-6; Edwards, 9 (1886), xv; Crockett, 133-6; Reilly (1994), 322, Reilly (2000), 310. [S]

Menzies, John (b. 16 July 1811), of Airntully, Kingclaven, ploughman, soldier, pub. Reminiscences of an Old Soldier. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 370-8. [S]

Mercer, George, of Liverpool, labouring-class, poor education, unable to work due to rheumatism, pub. Will Barton o’ the Mill, and other poems (London, 1860). Ref Reilly (2000), 311.

? Merry, J., of Molton, Northants, miller, pub. Miscellaneous pieces; in verse (Bedford: C.B. Merry, 1823), wrote to Clare; may also have had posthumous ‘Remains’ published in Bedford in 1820s. See Trevor Hold, A Northamptonshire Garland. Ref inf Bob Heyes, Johnson, item 604; Johnson 46, no. 313.

? Messing, Stephen, of Rutland, poet of humble origins, pub. Rural Walks (1819), Poems on Various Subjects (1821). Ref Crossan, 37, Powell, item 300.

? Meyler, William (d. 1821), printer, pub. Poetical amusement on the journey of life... (Bath, 1806); this vol. contains an epilogue to Yearsley’s Earl Godwin. Ref Johnson, item 607.

Miller, Hugh, the Elder (1802-56), stonemason, later a distinguished geologist, pub. Poems written in the leisure hours of a journeyman mason (Inverness: R. Carruthers, 1829). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 312-18; Wilson, II, 250-4, NCSTC (58 entries), Johnson, item 610, DNB, Peter Bayne, The Life and Letters of Hugh Miller (2 vols, 1871). [S]

Miller, Thomas (1807-74), of Gainsborough, later Nottingham, basket-maker poet, pub. Elegy on the Death of Lord Byron’s Mary (London and Nottingham, nd, c. 1832), A Day in the Woods: A Connected Series of Tales and Poems (1836); Poems (1841), and many other vols. Ref ODNB, Cross, 127, 133-41, James, 171, Maidment (1987), 141-43, Ashton & Roberts, ch. 2, 32-45, Johnson, item 611, LION, Miles, X, xiv, Burmester, item 370. [LC 5]

Miller, Thomas (b. 1831), of Dunse, Berwickshire, herder, printer, lyricist and successful song-writer. Ref Crockett, 248-9; Murdoch, 245-8; Edwards, 5 (1883), 146-55. [S]

Miller, William (1810-72), of Glasgow, woodturner, popular children’s poet, ‘The Laureate of the Nursery’, author of ‘Wee Willie Winkie’, pub. Scottish Nursery Rhymes and Other Songs (1863). Ref ODNB; LION; Glasgow Poets, 301-04; Edwards, 3 (1881), 142-7; Wilson, II, 334-40, Douglas, 310; Ricks, 98; Murdoch, 33-8. [S]

Millhouse, Robert (1788-1839), weaver, The Destinies of Man (London, 1832); Sherwood Forest and other poems (London, 1827); Vicissitude (Nottingham, 1821). Ref OBNB, William Hone, The Table Book (London: William Tegg, 1878), 495-99; James, 171-3, Johnson, items 612-16, 738, Harvey. [LC 4]

Mills, Thomas, pub. The Unlettered Muse (Hoxton: printed for the author by F. Nicholls, 1830). Ref inf Scott McEathron.

? Milne, Alexander (b. 1869), of Aberdeen, of a working-class family, clerk, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 141-3. [S]

? Milne, Christian (1773-after 1816), wife of a journeyman ship-carpenter, of Footdee, Aberdeen, born in Inverness. Subsequent to the death of her mother and eight of her siblings, Milne relocated to Edinburgh with her father, helping him combat consumption and bouts of depression as well as supporting him monetarily by working as a servant. Milne’s autobiographical introductory sections and poems render a toilsome past from the Refuge of a seemingly happy marriage in Aberdeen, where she embraces her roles as a writer, as the wife of a ship’s carpenter, Patrick Milne, and as the mother of four children. Simple Poems on Simple Subjects (1805) includes autobiographical poems, pacifist poems recast as ballad tales, fictional narratives, and songs. Most of the poems take the form of pentameter couplets, tetrameter couplets, or stanzas of “common meter,” or hymn meter. Poems such as ‘The Inconstant Lover’ and ‘To Peace’ dichotomise the pugnacious claims pf British imperialism and the pastoral harmony of Scotland, but the precise nature of Milne’s anti-war politics—in some instances advancing a simple jingoism, at other times being framed in personal, sentimental and domestic terms—seems difficult to pin down without Referring to the overall ‘double-voicedness’ of her poetry. Pub: Simple Poems on Simple Subjects (Aberdeen: J. Chalmers and Co. 1805), available online at: <>. Ref: Johnson, item 619; Jackson, 219; Bridget Keegan, ‘“The Mean Unletter’d—Female Bard of Aberdeen’: The Complexities of Christian Milne’s Simple Poems on Simple Subjects’, in Scottish Women Poets of the Romantic period, online at: <>; Kathryn S. Meehan, ‘“When My Pen Begins to Run”: Class, Gender, and Nation in the Poetry of Christian Milne’, MA thesis, Florida State U, 2004, available online at: <>. [S] [F] [—Iain Rowley]

Milne, John (1792-1871), of Dunottar, Kincardineshire, orphaned son of a seaman, shoemaker at Glenlivat, Banffshire, pub. The widow and her son (1830) and other vols; Selections from the songs and poems of the late John Milne (Aberdeen, 1871). Ref Reilly (2000), 315, Edwards, 2 (1881), 362-7. [S]

Milne, Robert Conway, (b. 1859) of Kirkintilloch, Dumbartonshire, bobbin laddie, later a teacher and deacon, pub. poems in the newspapers. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 78-82. [S]

Milne, William (b. 1829), of Little Haughmuir, Brechin, farm servant, railwayman,m traffic agent, pub. in newspapers. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 277-81 [S]

? Mitchell, Alexander (b. 1804) of Earlston, Berwickshire, self-taught businessman, founded and chaired Dalkeith Scientific Association, pub. The English Lakes: an excursion (Edinburgh, 1862; further edns with ‘other poems’ 1873 and 1888). Ref Reilly (2000), 317. [S]

? Mitchell, Alexander, ‘The Bridge of Dee Poet’, pub. Musings in verse, and a sketch of the author’s life, by George Mitchell, together with, Select poems, by Alexander Mitchell, the Bridge of Dee poet, 2nd edn (Aberdeen, 1869). Ref Reilly (2000), 317. [S]

Mitchell, John (1786-1856), of Paisley, shoemaker, pub. A Night on the Banks of the Doon, and other poems (Paisley 1838), The Third Class Train, Respectfully Inscribed to the Weavers of Paisley by a Third Class Man (Paisley, 1840), The Wee Steeple’s Ghaist, and other Poems and Songs (1840), A Braid Glower at the Clergy by Ane not o’ Themsel’s (Glasgow, 1843), One Hundred Original Songs (1845), Cautious Tam or How to Look a Foe in the Face (Paisley, 1847), My Grey Goose Quill, and other Poems and Songs (1852), also wrote ‘Nick’s Tour, or the Cobbler Triumphant’, ‘Lines on the Celebration of Thomas Paine’s Birthday’; his daughter ‘Mrs. Taylor’ (b. 1815) was also a poet (see Brown, II, 48-51). Ref Brown, I, 176-80; Leonard, 124-56, 371; Johnson, item 622; Johnson 46, no. 316. [S]

Mitchell, John Struthers (b. 1818), of Paisley, son of John Mitchell (above), boot and shoemaker like his father, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 107-11. [S]

Mitford, William (1788-51), of Preston, North Shields, orphan, shoemaker, publican, songwriter. Ref Allan, 132-36.

Montgomery, James (1771-1854), of Ayrshire and Ulster, settled in Sheffield, poet, also worked as baker, radical editor, acquaintance of Bloomfield and Clare; 112 NCSTC entries; The West Indies and Other Poems (1810); The World Before the Flood (1812); Greenland (1819); The Pelican Island (1826). Ref Howitt, 556-77, Wilson, I, pp 485-98, Cross, 142, James, 171, Johnson, items 49, 115, 149, 451, 470, 608, 626, 637, 738, 748, 766, 937, Goodridge (1999), item 78, DNB, LION, Miles, X, 1, Powell, item 153, Jarndyce. items 1446-57. [S] [I]

? Montgomery, John Wilson (?1835-1911) ‘The Sweet Bard of Bailieborough’, of Billis, County Cavan, farmer’s son, police officer, master of the Bailieborough workhouse, County Cavan, pub. Rhymes Ulidian (Downpatrick, 1877), Fireside Lyrics (Downpatrick, 1887). Ref Reilly (1994), 332, Reilly (2000), 320-1. [I]

Mooney, John (b. 1862), from a family of itinerant rag-gatherers, agricultural clerk, pub. Songs of the Norse, and other poems (Kirkwall, 1883). Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 135-9. [S]

Moor, T., shoemaker of Denton Chare, Newcastle, upon Tyne, singer and songwriter, wrote ‘the Skipper’s Dream’. Ref Allan, 312-13.

? Moorcock, Rachel (1829-70), of Lane End, Bucks., attended Methodist Sunday school, suffered from poor health, pub. Memoirs of Joseph, Sarah and Rachel Moorcock, by Benjamin North, with the poetical works of Rachel Moorcock (London, 1872). Ref Reilly (2000), 317. [F]

? Moore, Dugald (1805-41), of Glasgow, of humble parentage, apprenticed to a stationer, became a bookseller, pub. The African, and Other Poems (1829), and five further volumes of poetry. Ref Glasgow Poets, 276-80; Wilson, II, 267-9. [S]

? Moore, Jane Elizabeth (b. 1738), a clerk in her father’s business, involved with freemasons. Ref Carpenter, 530. [F]

? Moorhouse, William Vincent, The thrasher [i.e. thresher] and other poems (Wellington, Shropshire, 1828), published by subscription for the benefit of the author who, aged twenty, lost his left hand by the ‘bursting of a gun’. Johnson, item 634, Jarndyce, item 1460 and 1460 (image).

? Morgan, John, author of A Poem on the Taylor Craft (Scotland, 1733. ). Ref Foxon, M445. [S]

Morison, Joseph (b. 1838), of Londonderry, Scottish parentage, joiner in Glasgow, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards 9 (1886), 45-8. [S] [I]

? Morris, Andrew, ‘Amos’, (b. 1842), of Shott’s Iron Works, West Lothian. miner’s son, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 401-5. [S]

Morris, Eliza Fanny (1821-74), of east London, tailor’s daughter, m. a schoolmaster, lived in Oxford and Malvern, pub. Life lyrics (London and Worcester, 1866), Life and poems, written and edited by her husband (London and Malvern, 1876). Ref Reilly (2000), 324. [F]

Morrison, David H. (b. 1824), of Airdrie, Lanarkshire, weaver from age ten, miner from age fifteen, late worked in a paper mill, pub Poems and songs (Airdrie, 1870), Ref Reilly (2000), 325. [S]

? Morrison, James (b. c. 1800), of Newcastle upon Tyne, painter (nephew of the eminent self-taught missionary and scholar Dr Morrison) and songwriter, author of ‘The Newcastle Noodles’ and ‘Burdon’s Address’, moved to Edinburgh in 1830. Ref Allan, 198-202.

? Morton, Jessie D.M. (b. 1842), of Dalkeith, Midlothian, shopkeeper, pub. Clarkson Gray, and other poems (Edinburgh, 1866, 2nd edn London, Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1867). Ref Reilly (2000), 326, Murdoch, 337-43. [Murdoch gives birthdate as about 1825] [S] [F]

Morton, Thomas (b. 1861), of Edinburgh, gardener, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 105-10. [S]

M’Owen, J., of Sheffield, Chartist poet, pub. ‘only a few poems in The Northern Star’. Ref Kovalev, 115, Scheckner, 292, 341.

Mowat, George Houston (b. 1846), of Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, tailor, poet and songwriter, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 110-16. [S]

Muir, Hugh (b. 1846), of Edinburgh, coalminer, bobbin-turner, musician, pub. Hamely echoes from an auld town [poems] (Glasgow, 1899); Reminiscences and sketches: being a topographical history of Rutherglen and suburbs (Glasgow, 1890). Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 174-9; Reilly (1994), 341. [S]

Muir, Janet Kelso (?1840-88), of Glasgow, orphaned, worked in a milliner’s shop, later in business, pub. Lyrics and poems of nature and life (Paisley and London, 1878). Note: there is an advert for this in the back of Agnes Mabon’s volume (qv). Ref Reilly (2000), 329, Edwards, 2 (1881), 381-4 and 12 (1889), xx-xxi. [S] [F]

Muir, William (1766-1817), journeyman saddler, pub. Poems on Various Subjects (Edinburgh, 1818), died in a fall; monument raised at the churchyard at Clachan of Campsie. Ref Johnson, item 641; Macleod, 266-6; Edwards, 2 (1881), 49-51. [S]

Murdoch, Alexander G. (1841 or 1843-1891), of Glasgow, ‘by trade a working engineer...the disadvantage of a scanty education’ (Wilson), later a full-time writer, pub. Lilts in the Doric Lyre: a collection of humorous poems and versified sketches of Scottish manners and character (1872), The laird’s lykewake, and other poems, with an introductory preface by George Gilfillan (London, 1877); The Scottish Poets Recent and Living (Glasgow and London, 1883). Ref Glasgow Poets, 422-26; Wilson, II, 532-3; Reilly (2000), 330; Murdoch. [S]

Murdoch, James (b. 1806), of Elgin, Morayshire, son of a butcher and a servant, herder, packman, itinerant cutler and poet, pub. The Autobiography and Poems of James Murdoch, known as ‘Cutler Jamie’ (Elgin, 1863). Ref Vincent, 199, 207, Reilly (2000), 330-1. [S]

Murdoch, William (b. 1822 or 1823), of Paisley, son of a shoemaker, trained as one and went to night school, started writing poems aged 16, active member of Literary and Convivial Association, ‘whose weekly meetings were attended by local versifiers, debaters, humorists, and other literati, all belonging to the well-to-do working classes. William Murdoch’s place of business became a rendez-vous of many gifted men like himself.’ Pieces appeared in local newspapers and were signed under name of ‘Chodrum’ (his name reversed), went to Canada, pub. Poems and Songs (1860; enlarged 2nd edn 1872). Ref Brown, II, 174-79; Wilson, II, 441-4. [S]

Murie, George (b. 1845), of Calder Braes, Monkland, miner, draper, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 264-71 [S]

Murison, Alexander (b. 1859), of Pitsligo, Aberdenshire, shoemaker, spent two years in Australia, returned from poor health, pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 311-17. [S]

Murray, Alick (b. 1856), of Peterwell, Aberdeenshire, gardener, pub. Poems (Edinburgh, 1885). Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 213-17; Reilly (1994), 343. [S]

Murray, David Scott (b. 1853), of Selkirk, shoemaker’s son, insurance agent, pub. in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 354-8. [S]

Murray, George (1819-68), shoemaker poet, pub. Islaford and other poems (London and Aberdeen, 1845), Literary Remains of George Murray (London and Aberdeen, 1860). [S]

Murray, Thomas (b. 1835), of Eskdalemuir, Dumfriesshire, shepherd, pub. poems in the Galloway Gazette and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 268-73. [S]

Murray, William (b. 1856), of Brechin, farm worker, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 56-9. [S]

Mutrie, Robert (1832-80), of Paisley, weaver, pub. poems in local press, author of ‘The Shilling in the Puir Man’s Pouch’, in his Poems and Songs Dedicated to the West-End Callans Association (Paisley, 1909). Ref Brown, II, 270-72; Leonard, 261. [S]


Naismith, William, of Paisley, draper, pub. Visions of the Night, and Other Poems (1872). Ref Brown, II, 365-68. [S]

? Neill, Charles, of Edinburgh, apprentice printer, lost a hand in a gun accident, became a teacher, pub. Poetical musings...with a literal translation of the third and fourth book of Virgil’s Aeneid (London, Aberdeen, Wick and Dornoch, 1884). Ref Reilly (1994), 348. [S]

? Neill, William, of Chapelton, Grenock (b. 1821), farmer, market gardener, poems and songs included in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 339-40. [S]

Neilson, James Macadam (1844-83), of Campsie, Stirlingshire, engraver for calico-printer, self-educated, wrote journalism, pub. Poems and songs, chiefly in the Scottish language (Glasgow, 1877), Songs for the bairns; and, Miscellaneous poems, ed. by William Freeland (Glasgow, 1884). Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), xx-xxi; Macleod, 283-86; Reilly (1994), 348, Reilly (2000), 336, Murdoch, 387-94. [S]

? Nelson, Henry (fl. 1725-1729), A Poem, in the Honour of the Antient and Loyal Society of the Journey-Men Taylors, who are to Dine at the King’s-Inns, on Monday the 25th Inst, July; 1726 (Dublin, [1726]); A New Poem on the Procession of Journey-Men Taylors; who are to Dine at the Kings’s Inns, on Tuesday the 25th of this Instant July 1727 (Dublin, [1727]); Poem on the Procession of Journeymen Taylors, July the 28th, 1729 ([Dublin, 1729]). Ref Christmas, 67-9. [I] [LC 1]

Nevay, John (1792-1870), of Forfar, handloom weaver who ‘turned to literature for diversion’ (DNB), pub. A Pamphlet of Rhymes (1818); Poems and Songs (Dundee, 1818); Poems and Songs (Forfar, 1821); Emmanuel, a sacred poem in nine cantos. With other poems (1831); The peasant; a poem in nine cantos; with other poems (Edinburgh, 1834); The Child of Nature, and other poems (Dundee, 1835); Rosaline’s Dream, in four duans; and other poems (Edinburgh and London, 1853); The Fountain of the Rock (Forfar, 1855). Ref Wilson, II, 122-4, DNB. [S]

Newbigging, Thomas (b. 1833), of Glasgow, moved to Lancashire, cotton factory worker, gas engineer, pub. Poems and Songs (1881). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 402-6. [S]

?Newcomb, Thomas, mid C18th 'plebeian graduate of Oxford' poet. Inf Bob Heyes.

Newman, Sarah (b. c. 1752), of Odiham, Hampshire, orphan, only education ‘occasional lesson from a schoolmaster’, domestic servant, then took in sewing and worked at haymaking, won 500 subscribers for her Poems, on Subjects Connected with Scripture, ed. by Elijah Waring (Alton, London & Sherborne, 1811), BL 11633.e.27. Ref Jackson, 242. [F]

? Newton, William, (1750-1830), carpenter, the Peak Minstrel’. Ref GM 57 (1785), 169-70, 212-13; DNB, Christmas, 31-2.

? Nicholl, Robert (1814-37), journalist and poet, died of consumption at twenty-three, pub. The Poems of Robert Nicoll (2nd edn, Edinburgh, 1842). Ref Maidment (1983), 84, Maidment (1987), 145-7, 228-9, Shanks, 116, Douglas, 233-45, 311-12, Miles, X, xviii. [S]

? Nicholls, H. R., Chartist poet, pub. in The Friend of the People, Notes to the People and Cooper’s Journal. Ref Kovalev, 131-2, Scheckner, 293, 342.

? Nicholls, Thomas, author of The Wreath, a Collection of Poems (1790?), Dobell 1153, BL T.413(2); Shenstone, or the Force of Benevolence (1776), Dobell 1154; The Harp of Hermes (1797?), BL 11602.f.1(7). Ref Dobell, ESTC.

Nicholson, James (1822-97), of Edinburgh, herd boy, tobacco worker, village tailor, head tailor at Govan workhouse, temperance writer, pub. Kilwuddie, and other poems (Glasgow: Scottish Temperance League, 1863, several later editions), Father Fernie, the botanist: a tale and a study, including his life; Wayside lessons; and Poems (Glasgow, 1868), Idylls o’ hame, and other poems (London, Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1870), Rest for the weary: or, Mary’s wa’-gaun (Glasgow and Edinburgh, 1875), Poems by James & Ellen C. Nicholson (London and Glasgow, 1880), Wee Tibbie’s garland, and other poems (Glasgow, ?1880), Wee Tibbie’s garland, and other poems and readings, new enlarged edn (Glasgow, 1888), Willie Waugh, and other poems, by James & Ellen C. Nicholson (Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1884). Ref Glasgow Poets, 354-57; Reilly (1994), 352; Reilly (2000), 339-40; Murdoch, 125-32. [S]

Nicholson, John (1790-1843), The Airedale Poet, wool-sorter, followed this occupation all of his life expect ‘for intervals when he was hawking his poems’; The Siege of Bradford (1821); Airedale in Ancient Times (1825); The Lyre of Ebor...and other poems (London, 1827); Folly of the Chartists (Bradford, 1839); Strictures on the proposal of a New Moral World (Bradford, 1839) [attack on Owenism]; Complete Poems with a life (1844) and 2nd ed in 1876; Lines on the young lady drowned in the Strid (Bradford, nd). Ref: James, 172, Vicinus (1974), 141, 143, 144-5, 151-2, 162-4, 170, 174-6, Maidment (1987), 173-5. 181-5, 347-8, Johnson, items 649-53 Goodridge (1999), item 84, Harvey, LION; see also Tony Harrison’s well-researched play about Nicholson, Poetry or Bust (in his Plays: Three, London: Faber, 1996, 1-59). [LC 4]

Nicholson, Thomas, Manchester poet, ‘humble and obscure’, author of A Peal for the People, with Sundry Changes (Manchester, 1849), The Warehouse Boy of Manchester (1852). Ref Harland, 320, Maidment (1987), 174-9. (Johnson, item 654, appears to be another Thomas Nicholson), of Hunslet, Leeds).

Nicholson, William (1783-1849), the Galloway Poet, pedlar, friend of Hogg, pub. Tales in Verse and Miscellaneous Poems Descriptive of rural life and manners (1814, 2nd edn Edinburgh, 1828). Also a third edition; known for his ballad ‘Brownie of Blednoch’. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 63-70; Wilson, II, 43-6, Shanks, 159, Douglas, 301-2, LION, Miles, X, xviii, Johnson, item 655. [S]

Nicol, Alexander (fl. 1739-1766) Scottish packman and son of a packman, one year only at school, Nature without Art: Nature’s Progress in Poetry (1739); Nature’s Progress in Poetry (1739), The Rural Muse (1753); both 1739 books reprinted in 1766 as Poems on Several Subjects. Ref LION. [S]

Nicol, Charles (b. 1858), of Pollokshaws, worked in a weaving factory, in a printer’s engraving department, and as a travelling salesman/representative, pub. Poems and Songs, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect (Edinburgh, undated). Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 70-72; Leonard, 342-5. [S]

Nicol, James (1769-1819), of Traquair, Selkirk, shoemaker poet, later minister, Poems Chiefly in Scottish Dialect (1805), there may be other volumes. Ref Winks, 313. [S]

Nicol, James (1800-60), weaver at Luthermuir, Angus, ‘studied the Bible at his home and walking abroad’ (Reilly), pub. The Life of Paul the Apostle in metre (Brechin, 1845), An abridgement of Bible history, in verse (Aberdeen, 1860). Ref Reilly (2000), 340. [S]

Nicoll, Robert (1814-37), of Auctergaven, Perthshire, son of a ruined farmer turned day-labourer, apprenticed to grocer, pub. Poems and Lyrics (Edinburgh, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1852, 1855; each ed. claims to have additions, and later memoirs); Tales of the Glens (1836); Marian Wilson, a tale of persecuting times (1845). Ref Wilson, II, 370-8, Ashraf (1975), 159-62, Ashraf (1978), I, 14, Johnson, item 656, LION. [S]

Nicoll, Thomas (b. 1841), of Aberdeen, ironmonger from thirteen, bookseller, clerk, pub, Trifles in verse (Aberdeen and Greenwich, 1874) . Ref Reilly (2000), 340. [S]

Nicolson, Laurance J (b. 1844), of Lerwick, Shetland, cabinet-maker, clerk, poems in Murdoch. Ref Murdoch, 394-99. [S]

?Nisbet, Hume (b. 1849), of Stirling, painter and itinerant worker, lived in Australia and New Zealand, poems in Edwards; also pub. book on painting and wrote dramas. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 155-60. [S]

Niven, John, journeyman baker, The Strathmore melodist: a collection of original poems and songs (London 1846). [S]

Noble, Samuel (b. 1859), of Arbroath, worked in an Aberdeen jute mill, sailor, shopkeeper, librarian, pub. Rhymes and recollections, with a biographical introduction by John Paul (Dundee, 1896). Ref Reilly (1994), 354. [S]

? Noel, Thomas, Chartist poet, wrote ‘The Pauper’s Drive’. Ref Scheckner, 294-5.

Norval, James (1814-1901), of Parkhead, Glasgow, weaver, pub. early in Glasgow and other newspapers. Ref Glasgow Poets, 318-21; Edwards, 6 (1883), 193-200; Murdoch, 138-43. [S]

? Notman, Peter (b. 1818), of Paisley, son of a cowfeeder, author of ‘Lines on Mechanism’ in his Small Poems and Songs by ‘Petrus’ (Paisley, 1840). Ref Brown, II, 112-14; Leonard, 176-7. [S]

Nunn, Robert, (c. 1808-53), of Newcastle upon Tyne, slater, popular songwriter, lost his sight in an accident. Ref Allan, 318-41.


? O’Connor, Murrough (fl. 1719-40). subtenant of a farm in County Kerry from which he was evicted—all of his 5 extant poems written in connection with that eviction. Ref Carpenter, 83. [I]

? O’Conor, Charles Patrick (‘The Irish Peasant Poet’) (b. 1837), of County Cork, of poor parents, went to England, wrote songs and journalism, took government clerical post in Canada, retired early and lived in Lewisham for many years, received Civil List pension, pub. Wreaths of fancy (London, 1870), Songs of a life: Wayside chants; Fatherland (London, 1875). Ref Reilly (2000), 345. [I]

Officer, William (b. 1856), of Lonmay, Aberdeenshire, farm worker, cabinetmaker pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 364-69. [S]

? Ogden, James (1718-1802), fustian cutter or shearer of Manchester. Ref Dobell 3021, DNB.

? Ogden, William (1753-1822), son of James Ogden, radical. Ref DNB.

? Ogg, James (b. 1849), of Banchory-Ternan, Kincardineshire, lived in Aberdeed, saw-miller, pub. Willie Wally, and other poems (Aberdeen, 1873); Glints i’ the Gloamin’: Songs and Poems (Aberdeen, ‘Free Press’ Office, 1891). Ref Reilly (2000), 346; Charles Cox (bookseller), Catalogue 51 (2005), item 204. [S]

O’Kelly, Pat (1754-c. 1812), a ‘colourful’ wandering bard, who ‘travelled around Ireland on a piebald pony seeking patrons for his poems’. Ref Carpenter, 468. [I]

? Oliver, William (b. 1800), of Newcastle upon Tyne, apprentice draper, grocer, songwriter. Ref Allan, 228-44.

Olivers, Thomas (1725-1799), shoemaker poet, pub. A Hymn on the Last Judgment. Another of praise to Christ (1763), An hymn to the God of Abraham, in three parts (1773), A Full Defence of the Rev. John Wesley, etc. (1776), A Rod for a reviler (1777), An account of the life of Mr. Thomas Olivers. Written by himself (1779), A Full Refutation of the doctrine of Unconditional Perseverance (1790), A descriptive and plaintive elegy, on the death of the late Reverend John Wesley (1791), An Answer to Mr. Mark Davis’s Thoughts on Dancing. To which are added serious considerations to dissuade Christian parents from teaching their children to dance (1792). Ref Winks, 300-4. [LC 2]

O’Neill, John (1777-1858), shoemaker (‘we bear the Crispin name’), pub. Irish Melodies (nd), The Sorrow of Memory (nd), Alva (Dublin, 1821), The Drunkard, a poem (Dublin, 1840), The Blessings of Temperance (Dublin, 1851), The Triumph of Temperance (Dublin, 1852), Handerahan, the Irish Fairyman; and legends of Carrick (Dublin, 1854), Hugh O’Neill, the Prince of Ulster. A Poem (Dublin, 1859); (with James Devlin) letter and ‘Sonnet, to Mr. Bloomfield, with Prospectus’ (1820), in Bloomfield, Remains, 1824, I, 164-6. Ref Winks, 316-19. [I]

O’Neill, William Cassells (1854–89), of Paisley, ironmoulder, pub. collection 1884, emigrated to New Zealand in 1888. Ref Brown, II, 452-75. [S]

Ormond, Thomas (1817-79), handloom and factory weaver, 2 poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 354-7. [S]

Orr, James (1770-1816) of Ballycarry, United Irishman and poet, a weaver like his father, pub. Poems on Various Subjects (Belfast, 1804) Ref DNB, Carpenter, 542. [I]

Orr, John (b. 1814), of Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, handloom weaver from age fourteen, later powerloom w’ver, pub. Poems and songs (Ardrossan, 1874). Ref Reilly (2000), 351; Edwards, 8 (1885), 327-9. [S]

Overs, John, carpenter, helped by Dickens, published much of his work in Tait’s Magazine, author of Evenings of a Working Man (1844), BL 1457.c.15). Ref Maidment (1983), 87, Maidment (1987), 19; Vicinus (1974), 182n47.

Owen, John L., author of ‘The City Singers’ (Ben Brierley’s Journal, September 1873, 241). Ref Maidment (1987), 158-9.

Owler, David, (b. 1860), of Dundee, millworker, joiner, bookseller, pub. as ‘Dib’ in newspapers in prose and verse. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 356-60. [S]


Pagan, Isobel, Isabel or Tibbie (c. 1742-1821), of Ayrshire, lame, self-taught hermit (‘lived alone in old brick-store hut’), unlicensed whisky-dealer, famed for the songs ‘Ca’ the yowes to the knowes’ (revised by Burns) and ‘Crook and plaid’; pub. A Collection of Songs and Poems on Several Occasions (Glasgow, 1805). Ref Scot, Douglas, 55-6, 290, Jackson (1993), 249; Edwards, 5 (1883), 220. [S] [F]

Palmer, John (1800-70), of Annan, Dumfriesshire, herder, cotton factory worker, agent, nurseryman, Liberal in local politics, pub. Poems and songs by the late John Palmer (Annan, 1871). Ref Reilly (2000), 356. [S]

? Parker, Benjamin (d. 1747), Money...a Poem in Imitation of Milton, humbly inscribed to...the Earl of Chesterfield (1740), BL 1163-0.e.13(2), advert on 16 for patent medicine prepared by Parker; Foxon 67.

? Parr, William, publican in London and Newbury, Berks., pub. Original songs and poetry (Speenhamland/Newbury, 1874). Ref Reilly (2000), 357.

Paterson, Archibald , of Selkirk, stocking frame weaver from age ten, self-taught, wrote for periodicals, pub. The Musiad, and other poems (Selkirk, 1861), The forest lyre: or, man,.and other poems (Kelsoe, Melrose, Hawick and Galashiels, 1864). Ref Reilly (2000), 358. [S]

Paterson, James (1775-1843), of Paisley, weaver, florist, published in periodicals. Ref Brown, I, 107-11.. [S]

Paterson, Jeannie Graham (b. 1871), of Springburn, Glasgow, milliner, pub. in local periodicals and religious magazines; Short threads from a milliner’s needle: Poems by Jeannie Graham Paterson (Glasgow, 1894). Ref Reilly (1994), 371; Edwards, 15 (1893), 284-8. [S] [F]

Paterson, John (1777-1845), of Paisley, warper (weaver) and brother to James, above, also pub. in periodicals. Ref Brown, I, 127-28. [S]

? Paterson, John (b. 1833), son of John Paterson (above, 1777-1845), of Paisley, letter-press printer, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 302-06. [S]

Paterson, John (b. 1853), of Glasgow, working-class family, self-taught, telegraphist, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 226-32. [S]

Paterson, Mary, née Crighton (‘The Carnoustie Poetess’) (b. 1850), of Carnoustie, Angus, worker, m. a blacksmith, lived in Glasgow, active Methodist, pub. Poems (Dundee, 1872). Ref Reilly (2000), 358. [S] [F]

Paton, Joseph Noel (b. 1821), of Paisley, pattern-drawer, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 125-30. [S]

Patrick, James (1801-34), of Paisley, weaver, pub. posthumous collection of 1836. Ref Brown, I, 398-401. [S]

? Patrick, James, ‘the intellectual pedlar’ of Kendal (not clear whether he is a poet or not; also described as Scottish, and ‘of Hawkshead’), childhood companion of Sara Hutchinson, and model for Wordsworth’s wanderer in ‘The Excursion’. See Dorothy Wordsworth’s journal entry for 27 January 1802, Stephen Gill, William Wordsworth: a Life (Oxford, 1990), 25, 134, Cafarelli, 83.

Paxton, John W (b. 1854), of Millerhill, near Edinburgh, engine-keeper, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 173-80. [S]

Peacock, John (d. 1867), of South Shields, shoemaker, Chartist, cooperative storekeeper, second-hand bookseller in South Shields market, poet and songwriter, pub. in the Shields Garland (1859). Ref Allan, 343-4.

Peacock, John Macleay (1817-77), of Kincardine, Chartist, later known as ‘The Birkenhead Poet’, also lived on Tyneside and travelled in southern Spain, ended his life as a Glasgow shopkeeper, pub. Poems and Songs (1864), Hours of Reverie (1867), Poems (1880). Ref ODNB, Reilly (2000), 361. [LC 6] [S]

Pearson, Edward, farm labourer at Ashford, Kent, pub. The history of Jimmie Lee, an ambassador of Christ of small stature, with a large heart, which kept his tongue in constant exercise with the king’s messenger for fifty-two years (Rochford, Esssex, 1872). Ref Reilly (2000), 361-2.

Pearson, Susanna (1779-1827), of Donington, Lincs., daughter of a surgeon-apothecary, employed as a domestic servant, pub. Poems, Dedicated by Permission to the Right Honourable the Countess Fitzwilliam (Sheffield and London, 1790), Poems on Various Subjects (London, 1800). Ref Jackson (1993), 253, Johnson, item 692, Burmester, item 465 and 130 (image). [F]

Peddie, Robert, pub. The Dungeon Harp: Being a Number of Poetical Pieces Written During a Cruel Imprisonment of Three Years in the Dungeons of Beverley: Also a Full Proof of the Perjury Perpetrated Against the Author by Some of the Hired Agents of the Authorities (Edinburgh, 1844), James, 177, who cites this as a typical nineteenth-century labouring-class nature poem; Maidment (1987), 19 says the poem ‘deserves hearing’. [LC 5] [S]

Penman, William (‘Rhyming Willie’) (1848-77), of Carronshore, Falkirk, Stirlingshire, blacksmith then foundry worker in Glasgow, leg crushed in accident, ‘Good Templar’ and Freemason, friend of James Nicholson, pub. Echoes from the ingleside: a selection of songs and poems (Glasgow, 1878). Ref Reilly (2000), 363. [S]

? Pennie, John Fitzgerald (1782-1848), The Royal Minstrel, or, the witcheries of Endor, an epic poem, in eleven books (Dorchester, 1817), The Tale of a Modern Genius, or the Miseries of Parnassus (London: J. Andrews, 1827)—an autobiography. Ref DNB, Johnson, item 697, Goodridge (1999), item 87; Johnson 46, no. 318.

? Perring, Samuel, of Blackburn, ‘from birth a cripple...his arms and hands being mis-shapen’, pub. poems in the newspapers. Ref Hull, 343-6.

? Petrie, George, mentioned by Ashraf as author of a poem called Equality (Ashraf also mentions an otherwise unidentified ‘Charles Petrie’ on 24; possibly the same person); COPAC lists The Works of George Petrie, comprising Equality and other poems; select extracts from the letter of Agrarius; with a biographical memoir of the author (London1841) and describes him as a political writer. Ref Ashraf (1978), I, 44; COPAC/BL.

Pettigres, John (b. 1840), of Glasgow, ‘The Parkhead Bard’, ‘The Roving Gardener’, itinerant gardener, pub extensively in the Glasgow and Kilmarnoch press. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 35-40. [S]

Phillips, James Gordon (b. 1852), of Newmill, Banffshire, herding boy, apprentice tailor, pub. in the Banffshire Journal and the Elgin Courier, involved in archaeology and local history, pub. Wanderings in the highlands of Banff and Aberdeen shires; with trifles in verse by J. G. Phillips (Banff, 1881). Ref Murdoch, 424-5, Reilly (1994), 377. [S]

Picken, David (1809-1874 or 1875), of Paisley, drawboy and weaver, Chartist, pub. posthumous Poems and songs, with a memoir of the author and notes (Paisley, 1875). Ref Brown, I, 411-13; Reilly (2000), 367. [S]

? Picken, Ebenezer (1769-1816), of Paisley, son of a weaver, friend of Alexander Wilson, made various attempts to train for the ministry, worked as a schoolmaster and in commerce, often lived in poverty, pub. Poems and Songs (1813). Ref ODNB/DNB; Brown, I, 62-68; Wilson, I, 443-6; Leonard, 188. [S]

? Picken, Joanna [Belfrage] (1798-1859), of Edinburgh, daughter of Ebenezer Picken, poet of Paisley, emigrated to Canada in 1842, pub. verse in the Glasgow Courier, two poems in Wilson, II, 174-5. Refs DNB, Boos (1995), Leonard, 188-91, 371. [S] [F]

Pickup, John (b. 1860) (‘Jean Piko’), of Blackburn, largely self-taught, weaver from aged 10, later insurance agent, dialect and local poet, a key figure in nurturing other Blackburn poets. Ref Hull, 404-9

Plumb, Samuel, member of the ‘Nottingham group’, sent a verse-letter to John Clare. Ref James, 171.

Plummer, John (1831-1914), of London and Kettering, staymaker, partially lame and deaf, pub. Songs of Labour, Northamptonshire Rambles and Other Poems (With an Autobiographical Sketch of the Author’s Life) (London and Kettering, 1860). Ref Vincent, 207, 183, Ashton & Roberts, 63, Reilly (2000), 369.

Pointon, Priscilla, Mrs I. Pickering (c. 1754-1801), of Lichfield, blind from age 12, married a saddler in Chester, won more than 1,000 subscribers for her Poems on Several Occasions (Birmingham, 1770), which are added poetical sketches, ed. by Joseph Weston (Birmingham and London, 1794). Ref Staffs. Poets, 387-9; Jackson (1993), 259, Lonsdale (1989), 272-6. [F]

Polin, Edward (1816-43), of Paisley, drawboy, handloom weaver and pattern-setter, involved with Radical party and became editor of Newcastle Courant, drowned, first poems appeared in Chartist Circular, published anonymously a 24-page pamphlet, a short satirical piece, Councillors in Their Cups, or the Reformed Transformed; a Lyrical Laughterpiece (Paisley, 1842). Ref Brown, II, 56-60; Leonard, 160-5. [S]

Porter, Alexander (d. 1863), shepherd of Edzell, Angus, pub. Poems on various subjects (Montrose, 1861). Ref Reilly (2000), 372. [S]

Porter, Hugh, weaver, of County Down, associated with Mary Tighe and Thomas Percy, pub. Poetical Attempts (Belfast, 1813). Ref Bob Heyes, Carpenter, 552. [I]

Potter, Mary Jane (b. 1833), of York, moved to Montrose, daughter of a ship‘s carpenter, looked after her sister’s orphaned children, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 375-9. [S] [F]

Powell, James Henry (b. 1830), of London, engineer’s son, worked in paper mill, then as an engineer, pub. Phases of Thought and Feeling, Poems and Lyrics (London: Partridge & Co, 1857); Life incidents; and, Poetic pictures (London, 1865). Ref Reilly (2000), 373, inf. Bob Heyes.

? Powell, Thomes E., Member of London Trades Council, pub. Down the river, from Pimlico Pier to Temple Bar: a satire (1870).

Preston, Benjamin (1819-1902), of Bradford, wool sorter and comber, publican, dialect writer, known as ‘The Burns of Bradford’, pub. Dialect and other poems by Ben Preston (London, 1881). Ref Ashraf (1975), 233-6, Ashraf (1978), I, 7-8, 227-9, Vicinus (1974), 161, Reilly (1994), 385.

? Preston, Edward Bailey, itinerant calligrapher, poet and correspondent of Clare. (Not sure quite what a calligrapher is in this context—?transcribed documents—?did pub signs or something??).

Price, Emma, of humble origin, English parents, mother died, lived with father in the workhouse, nurserymaid, then lived in Edinburgh Blind Asylum, pub. Verses, by a blind girl (Edinburgh, 1868). Ref Reilly (2000), 374. [S] [F]

? Price, Frederick, of Bilston, Staffs, compositor, pub. Rustic Rhymes (1859). Ref Staffs. Poets, 152-3.

? Price, Henry, Land-Waiter (i.e. customs officer) in the Port of Poole, author of Poems, Never Published Together, with a commentary by Moses Browne (1749, Dobell 1451); Batrachomuomachia, or, the Battle of the Frogs and Mice, translated from Homer...with some additional poems by the same hand (1736, Dobell 1452); Poems on Various Subjects (1741), Foxon, 639, BL Ref Dobell, ESTC, Foxon.

Prince, John Critchley (1808-66), of Manchester, the ‘Reedmaker Poet’, leading figure in the ‘Sun Inn’ group, also lived in Blackburn, pub. The Death of the Factory Child’ (1841); Hours With the Muses (1841). Ref ODNB, Harland, 285, 302, 349-50, 362-3, 366-8, 374-5, 381-2, 390-1, 420, 432-3, 446, 476, Hull (photograph of the poet on the frontispiece), 49-57, Cross, 142-7, James, p., 171-3, Vicinus (1973), 743-5, Vicinus (1974), 141-3, 152-5, 159-60, 163-7, 171-2, 176-8, Ashraf (1978), I, 14, Maidment (1983), 79, 84, Maidment (1987), 98-101, 111-16, 136-7, 191-5. 198-200, 338-44, Goodridge (1999), item 91, LION, Miles, X, xiii, Maidment, Brian and A.S. Crehan, ‘The Death of the Factory Child’—J.C. Prince and Nineteenth-Century Working-Class Poetry (Manchester, 1987), Reilly (2000), 375. [LC 5]

? Pringle, Thomas (1789-1834), farmer’s son from Blakelaw, near Kelso, emigrated to South Africa, returned as ardent abolitionist, pub. Ephemerides or Occasional Poems, written in Scotland and South Africa (London, 1828), copy in Clare’s library. Ref Wilson, II, 100-104, Douglas, 305, LION. [S]

Procter, Andrew (b. 1841), of Dalkeith, draper, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 367-8. [S]

Procter, Richard Wright (1816-81), barber, ‘spare-time antiquarian and poet’, member of the ‘Sun Inn’ group of Manchester poets, Referred to in Alexander Wilson’s ‘The Poet’s Corner’, contributed to The Festive Wreath (1842), author of Reminiscences of a Barber’s Clerk. Ref Harland, 356-7, 365, 540-2, 545--6, Vicinus (1973), 743, Vicinus (1974), 160, Maidment (1987), 166.

? Proctor, James (b. 1826), of Dalkeith, of humble origin, tailor’s apprentice, carpenter, temperance advocate, religious minister, pub. A Crack about the Drink; or, a poetical dialogue betwen a total abstainer and a moderate drinker (Dalkeith, 1849). Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 79-83. [S]

Proudlock, Lewis (1801-26), of Callaly, Northumberland, miner turned schoolteacher, poetry includes dialect work, pub. Poetical Works (Jedburgh, 1826), The “Borderland muse” (London, 1896), Poems and songs (Haltwhistle, c. 1865). Ref Johnson, item 727, Jarndyce, item 1466, Reilly (1994), 386, Reilly (2000), 378.

Purdie, David Walter (b. 1860), of Hutlerbury, Vale of Ettrick, Selkirkshire, ‘The Ettrick Bard’, farmworker, self-styled ‘unlettered son of toil’, pub. Poems and songs (Selkirk, 1897). Ref Reilly (1994), 387. [S]

? Purdy, Victory (1747-1822), known as ‘The Kingswood Collier’ and ‘The Walking Bible’, popular travelling preacher and hymn-writer, pub. Poetical miscellanies. With a life of the untutored author, and a facsimile of his hand writing (Bristol, 1825). Ref Johnson, item 730.

Purves, Peter (b. 1799), of Dunbar, East Lothian, gardener, teacher, Sunday school superintendant, librarian, pub. The poetical works of Peter Purves, Kirkcaldy, with portrait and prefatory sketch of the author by Isaac E. Marwick (Edinburgh, Religious Tract Society of Scotland, Kircaldy, 1879). Ref Reilly (2000), 379. [S]

? Purvis, William, ‘Blind Willie’ (1752-1832), of Newcastle upon Tyne, blind son of a waterman, street musician and singer, composed rhymes and tunes, a ‘traditional working class songwriter’ (Vicinus). Ref Allan, 54-8, 188; Vicinus (1974), 144, 164; William Hone, The Table Book (London: William Tegg, 1878), 231-2.

Purvis, William (‘Billy ’) (1794-1853), born near Edinburgh, apprentice joiner, theatre ‘call boy’, poet, conjurer, clown, musician and proprietor of a travelling theatre and of the Victoria Theatre, Newcastle: not much of a poet, but a key figure in Newcastle popular culture, celebrated in poems and songs by others listed here. Ref: Allan, 412-14; J.P. Robson, Life and Adventures of Billy Purvis (1849); The Life of Billy Purvis, the Extraordinary, Witty and Comical Showman (Newcastle: T. Arthur, 1875; facsimile edition, Newcastle upon Tyne: Frank Graham, 1981). [S]

? Pyott, William (b. 1851), of Ruthven, Forfarshire, mill-overseer’s son, cloth-lapper, pub. Poems and songs (Blairgowrie, 1883; enlarged edition, Dundee, 1885). Ref Reilly (1994), 388; Edwards. 8 (1885), 409-16. [S]

Pyper, Mary (1795-1870), of Edinburgh, father pressed into army and never returned, taught by mother, recurrent illness, lacemacer and seamstress, pub. Select Pieces by Mary Pyper (1847); Sacred Poems (Edinburgh, 1865). Ref Leonard, 266, Reilly (2000), 380; Edwards, 8 (1885), 284-91. [S] [F] [LC 5]


Quinn, Roger (b. 1850), of Dumfries, Irish father and Scottish mother, shopworker and clerk, later itinerant musician in summer, living in a Glasgow lodging-house in winter, pub. The heather lintie: being poetical pieces, chiefly in the Scottish dialect (Dumfries, 1861; 2nd edn inserts ‘spiritual and temporal’ into title, 1863). Ref Reilly (2000), 381. [S]


Rack, Edmund (1735?-1787), poet, son of a labouring weaver, Quaker family. Ref DNB.

? Radford, Joseph, of Birmingham, Chartist poet, pub. in The Northern Star. Ref Kovalev, 96-7, Scheckner, 298, 342.

Rae, James R. (b. 1842), of Dennyloadhead, Stirlingshire, cartright’s son, coachmaker, President of Glasgow Burns Club, pub. Imperial Poems, by J.R. (1888) [16 pp.]. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 209-14; Reilly (1994), 391. [S]

Rae, John S. (b. 1859), of New Deer, Aberdeenshire, draper, pub. Poems and Songs, with an Introduction by D.H. Edwards, (Edinburgh, 1884). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 216-19; Reilly (1994), 391. [S]

Rae, Thomas (1868-89), ‘Dino’, of Galashiels, Selkirkshire, draper and factory worker, health failed, wrote for the Border Advertiser, pub. Songs and verses, with a PReface by Andrew Lang (Edinburgh, 1890). Ref Edwards 11 and 12 (1889), viii-ix; Borland, 239-40; Reilly (1994), 391. [S]

Raiftearaí, Antoine (1779-1835), of Killedan, Co. Mayo, blind weaver’s son, violinist and poet. Ref ODNB. [I]

? Ramsay, Allan (1684-1758), poet and bookseller, son of a leadmine manager. Ref ODNB; LION; Borland, 54-57; Craik, II, 206-8; Crawford, passim. [S]

Ramsay, Donald (b. 1848), of Glasgow, ploughman’s son, printer, lived much of his life in the US. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 233-8; John D. Ross, Scottish Poets in America [cited by Edwards]. [S]

? Ramsay, Grace C., née Cadzow (1822-72), of Lanark, m. a tailor, pub. Harp-tones in life’s vale: being short poems, exercises in verse, and paraphrases, including a metrical version of the Book of Job and the Song of Solomon, by Thomas and Grace C. Ramsay (Edinburgh and Lanark, 1895) [Reilly says NOT joint authorship]. Ref Reilly (2000), 382-3. [S] [F]

Ramsay, John (1802-79) carpet weaver and poet; of Kilmarnock, pub. Woodnotes of a Wanderer (1836, nine editions to 1869), Poems (Edinburgh and London, 1836), Eglington Park Meeting, and Other Poems (2nd ed., Edinburgh, 1840); Gleanings of the Gloamin (1865, 1868, London, 1870). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 270-3; Wilson, II, 260-1, DNB, Johnson, item 741, Reilly (2000), 383. [S]

Ramsay, Thomas (b. 1822), of Kirkfieldbank, Lanarkshire, tailor, pub. The sky scraper: a collection of original & popular recitations (London, 1860), Harp-tones in life’s vale: being short poems, exercises in verse, and paraphrases, including a metrical version of the Book of Job and the Song of Solomon, by Thomas and Grace C. Ramsay (Edinburgh and Lanark, 1895). Ref Reilly (1994), 393 [who states ‘not joint authorship. Grace C. Ramsay died in 1872’.], Reilly (2000), 383. [S]

Ramsbottom, Joseph (1831-1901), dyehouse worker, later businessman, Lancashire dialect poet, author of ‘Preawd Tum’s Prayer’, in Country Words (Manchester, 1864), Phases of distress: Lancashire rhymes (Manchester, 1864). Ref Harland, 351-2, 491-6, 501-2, 505-6, 508-10, Maidment (1987), 86-90, 261-5, 362-4, Hollingworth, 154.

Rankin, Alexander (b. 1842), of Dundee, flaxdresser, pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 254-6 [S]

Rannie, John, ‘...a young Scotsman, of little or no Education. I saw him behind the Counter of Taylor’s shop in Holborne as a Journeyman on very low wages...He certainly has Genius’ (quoted by Harvey), pub. Poems (1789; 2nd edn, Aberdeen, 1791). Ref Harvey, Goodridge (1999), item 93. [S]

Rathmell, Michael (b. 1828), of Huby, Harewood, Yorskshire, farmhand, then a series of menial jobs in Leeds, retired in ill health in 1884, pub. Spring blossoms and autumn leaves: a collection of poems (Leeds, 1886). Ref Reilly (1994), 394.

Rawcliffe, John (b. 1844), of Ribchester, Lancs, brother of Richard Rawcliffe, dialect and local poet, bobbin winder and handloom then powerloom weaver at Blackburn, emigrated to USA, pub. jointly with his brother, Pebbles fro’ Ribbleside (Blackburn, 1891). Ref Hull, 194, 253-63, Reilly (1994), 394.

Rawcliffe, Richard (1839-58), of Ribchester then Blackburn, handloom then powerloom calico weaver, then overlooker, emigrated to Australia to combat consumption in his final year, pub. poems jointly with his brother John, Pebbles fro’ Ribbleside (Blackburn, 1891). Ref Hull, 194-202. Ref Reilly (1994), 394.

? Reed, Joseph (1723-1787), poet, son of a Presbyterian ropemaker.

Reed, James, journeyman slater, pub. Metrical Memories of the late war, and other poems (Edinburgh, 1861). [S]

? Rees, William (1802-83), shepherd then minister, Welsh poet. [W]

Reid, George (b. 1843), of Montrose, millworker and overseer, draper, pub. poems in the Dundee Evening Telegraph and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 37-41. [S]

Reid, John (1785-1865), of Paisley, weaver, minor publications and leaflets. Ref Brown, I, 175. [S]

Reid, John Dougall, ‘Kaleidoscope’, of Glasgow, draper, soldier, poems in Murdoch and Edwards. Ref Murdoch, 426-7; Edwards 10 (1887), 73-84. [S]

Reid, John Pringle (b. 1862), of Aberlady, Haddingtonshire, merchant’s son orphaned at ten, gardener and glassworker, pub. Facts and fancies in poem and song (Edinburgh, 1886). Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 241-4; Reilly (1994), 398. [S]

Reid, Robert (b. 1847), of Fyvie, Aberdeenshire, ‘Rowland’, shoemaker, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 98-101. [S]

? Reid, Robert (‘Rob Wanlock’) (1850-1922), of Wanlockhead, Dumfriesshire, elementary education, clerk in Glasgow and Belfast, emigrated to Canada, pub. Moorland Rhymes (Dumfries, 1874). Ref Reilly (2000), 387. [S]

Reid, William (b. 1827), of Peterhead, herder, shoemaker, pub. in Aberdeenshire press, and The Last o’ the Warlocks (1864) and Auld Ronald: a well-known local character, and other rhymes (1873). Ref COPAC; Edwards, 2 (1881), 349-52. [S]

? Reid, William (1764-1831), of Glasgow, baker’s son, bookseller and Glasgow ‘character’, pub. poems in Poetry, Original and Selected (printed in penny numbers by Reid and his bookselling partner, 1795-98). Ref Glasgow Poets, 116-24. [S]

Rentoul, John (b. c. 1830s), of Paisley, weaver, emigrated to Australia, pub. Reminiscences of a Paisley Weaver, with Twenty-Six Years’ Experience in Melbourne (1878). Ref Brown, II, 346-53. [S]

Reston, Andrew (b. 1818), of Glasgow, hand-loom weaver, pub. in newspapers. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 63-4. [S]

Rhodes, T., Dunstan Park; or an Evening Walk. A Poem. By...a Journeyman Ribbon-Weaver (Newbury: private, [1786]), by T. Rhodes, CR LXI, 234. Ref Jackson (1985).

Rice, Alexander (b. 1865), of Paisley, son of a Londonderry handloom weaver, preserve-factory worker, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 512-15. [S]

Richardson, Charlotte Caroline (1775-1850), pub. Poems written on different occasions (York, 1806; 3rd edn of 1809 has Bloomfield as a subscriber), Poems chiefly composed during the pressure of severe illness (York, 1809), Waterloo, a poem (1815), Isaac and Rebecca, a poem (1817), Harvest, a poem with other poetical pieces (1818), The soldier’s child, or Virtue triumphant (1821), Ludolph; or the light of nature (1823). Ref Johnson, item 754 (much information); ABC, 126-8, Jackson (1993), 268-9 (seems to class these works as by two people with the same name), Burmester, item 476 (gives her dates as 1777-1853). [F] [LC 4]

Richardson, George (1807-66), Manchester poet, author of Patriotism: In Three Cantos, and Other Poems (1844), contributed to The Festive Wreath (1842). Ref Harland, 313-14, 326-7, 376, 421, Maidment (1987), 101, 116-19; Vicinus (1974), 162. [LC 5]

? Richardson, J., ‘Yorkshire Volunteer’, author of Poems on Several Occasions, Chiefly Pastoral (Winchester [1785?], BL 11643.aa.31); Poems on Various Subjects, chiefly Pastoral (Darlington, 1779, BL 632.df.4). Ref ESTC.

Richardson, John (1817-86), of St, John’s, Cumberland, mason and builder, later a schoolmaster, dialect poet, pub. “Cummerland” talk: being short tales and rhymes in the dialect of that county, together with a few miscellaneous pieces in verse (London and Carlisle, 1871). Ref Reilly (2000), 390.

? Richardson, R., sailor, author of The Dolphin’s Journal epitomiz’d, in a Poetical Essay (1768), BL 1465.f.55. Ref ESTC.

? Richley, Matthew (1820-1904), of Bishop Auckland, County Durham, tailor, later caretaker and librarian of Mechanics’ Institute. pub. The oakland garland (Bishop Auckland, 1879). Ref Reilly (2000), 390.

? Riddell, Henry Scott (1798-1870), of Sorbie, Dumfriesshire, shepherd, later clergyman poet, pubs. include Songs of the Ark, with other poems (1831), Poems, Songs and Miscellaneous Pieces (1847), Poetical works (Glasgow, 1871, 2 vols), “Scotland yet”, and other verses (Hawick, 1898). Ref Borland, 168-74; Wilson, II, 190-6; Shanks, 117-29; Douglas, 308; Reilly (2000), 391. [S]

? Rider, William, of Leeds, Chartist radical, heavily involved in The Northern Star, wrote ‘The League’, about the Anti-Corn Law League. Ref Kovalev, 98, Scheckner, 299, 342.

Ridings, Elijah (1802-72), silk handloom weaver, of Manchester, member of the ‘Sun Inn’ group of Manchester poets, author of The Village Muse (Macclesfield, 1854), Streams from an old fountain (Manchester, 1863), contributed to The Festive Wreath (1842); The Village Muse, Containing the Complete Poetical Works of E. Ridings (1854). Ref Harland, 242-4, Cross, 147-8, James, 172, Maidment (1987), 132-5, 243-9, 337-8, Vicinus (1973), 753, Vicinus (1974), 141, 145-6, 171, 176, 178, Reilly (2000), 391.

Ridley, George (1835-64), of Gateshead, sent down the pit as a ‘trapper boy’ aged eight, severely injured and disabled in an accident which shortened his life, became a songwriter and performer, his songs printed in cheap popular editions. Ref Allan, 446-63.

Rigbey, Richard (fl. 1682-1702): The cobbler’s corant (1690-1702), A new song in praise of the gentle craft (1682-1700), A new song, to the tune of the Prince of Orange’s delight (1689), The shoe-maker’s triumph, being a song in praise of the gentle craft, etc. (1695). Ref inf Bridget Keegan.

Ritchie, John (1778-1870), of Kirkcaldy, Fife, flax dresser, handloom weaver, draper, co-founder and later owner of The Scotsman, Edinburgh civic dignitary, pub. Royal soliloquies; The royal Highland home, and other poems (London, 1863), The Church, and the people (?1865), and other religious volumes of verse. Ref Reilly (2000), 392. [S]

Ritchie, William (b. 1827), of Paisley, blacksmith, went to Calcutta, then America, all the while working as a blacksmith, and back to Scotland, poems not separately collected. Ref Brown, II, 221-25. [S]

Robb, John (b. 1855), of Kilspindie, Carse of Gowrie, ploughboy, railway porter, pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 162-6. [S]

Roberts, John (‘The Bard of the North’), miller at Balbirnie Mill, Brechin, pub. Groats, and thoughts while grinding (Dunbar, 1863). Ref Reilly (2000), 393. [S]

? Roberts, William Isaac (1786-1806), of Bristol, brewer’s son, clerk in banker’s office, author of Poetical Attempts (1784), Poems and Letters (London: Longman, Hurst and others, 1811). Ref Southey, 213-4, Johnson, item 767, Goodridge (1999), item 96, PBSA, 57 (1963), 184-90.

Robertson, Alexander (b. 1848), of Cambuslang, son of a miner and a handloom weaver, miner, machinist, one poem pub. in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 155-6. [S]

Robertson, Alexander (b. 1825), of Glengairn, Ballater, Aberdeenshire, farm-worker, gardener-coachman, 2 poems pub. in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 326-7. [S]

? Robertson, James (fl. 1768-88), comedian of York, author of Poems (1770, 1780, 1787); Poems on Several Occasions (1773); A Collection of Comic Songs (2 vols, Edinburgh, 1800). Ref NCBEL II, LION.

? Robertson, John (1767-1810), of Paisley, son of a grocer, worked as a weaver, joined the Fifeshire Militia, committed suicide, pub. ‘The ‘Toom Meal Pock’, in Brown, I, 60-1, no collection. Ref Brown, I, 59-61; Wilson, II, 536-7; Leonard, 5-7. [S]

Robertson, John (1779-?1831), weaver, pub. The waddin’ day and other poems (Edinburgh, 1824). Ref Crockett, 117-18. [S]

Robertson, John, of Perth, letter-carrier, pub. Original poems and songs (Perth, 1879). Ref Reilly (2000), 394. [S]

Robertson, Matthew (b. 1828), of Paisley, drawboy, weaver, worked in post office, later owned crystal and china shop, pub. poems in local papers. Ref Brown, II, 248-51. [S]

? Robertson, William (b. 1808), of Longforgan, Carse of Gowries, Perthshire, served an apprenticeship, lived in London, pub. Poetic Ramblings (London, 1865). Ref Reilly (2000), 394. [S]

? Robins, John Jr., ‘a solitary wanderer from village to village in his native Derbyshire’, Sensibility, with other poems (London and Exeter, 1806). Ref Johnson, item 768.

Robson, Joseph Philip (1808-70), Tyneside dialect poet and miscellaneous writer, ‘Bard of the Tyne and Minstrel of the Wear’, orphan, apprentice planemaker, then schoolmaster, suffered a disabling stroke, wrote a biography of Billy Purvis, pub. Poetic gatherings; or, stray leaves from my portfolio (Gateshead, 1839), Evangeline: or the spirit of progress; together with a copious selection of miscellaneous poems and songs, sentimental, humourous and local (Newcastle upon Tyne, 1870). Refs: Allan, 345-87, Ashton & Roberts, ch. 1, 7-31, Johnson, item 772, Reilly (2000), 395.

? Robson, Mark Newton (b. 1861), of Denholm, blacksmith’s son, teacher, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 91891), 31-6. [S]

Rodger, Alexander (1784-1846), Scottish poet, son of a Midlothian farmer, handloom weaver, journalist, Hints to the disaffected ‘sooty rabble,’ on their day of meeting, in order to petition for a Reform of parliament, By James Black, esq., place-hunter (8th edn., Glasgow, 1816), Peter Cornclips, a tale of real life; with other poems and songs (Glasgow, 1827), Poems and Songs, humorous and satirical (Glasgow, 1838); Poems and Songs, ed. by Robert Ford (Paisley, 1897). Ref DNB; LION; Glasgow Poets, 171-80; Wilson, II, 57-61; Murdoch, 17-27; Maidment (1987), 27-32; Douglas, 303; Johnson, items 775-7. [S]

Roger, James (b. 1841), of Kirkmichael, Ayrshire, grew up in poverty, worked for North British Railway Company from 1866, Station Master at Roslin Castle from 1870, pub. poems in People’s Journal. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 52-4. [S]

? Rogerson, David, Newsvendor, author of Poetical Works, with the Author’s Address to Bambrough Castle (undated, nineteenth-century: one poem dated 1866). Ref BL

Rogerson, John Bolton (1809-59), of Manchester, poet, left school at 13, apprenticed clerk, member of the ‘Sun Inn’ group of writers, and ‘editor of short-lived magazines’ (Vicinus); editor of The Festive Wreath (1842), pubs. include Rhyme, Romance, and Revery, A Voice from the Town, And Other Poems, and The Wandering Angel and Other Poems (London, 1844). Ref Harland, 229-31, 234-5, 240-1, 287-9, 291-2, 298-9, 314-15, 324-5, 427-9, Cross, 147-8, Maidment (1987), 155-6, 188-90, Vicinus (1973), 743, 746-78 Vicinus (1974), 160.

? Rollo, John, keeper of a Spitalfields Victualling House, anonymous poet and prose-writer Referred to by John Bancks in 1738. Ref Christmas, pp 30-1, 101.

Rolph, Richard (b. 1801), blind peasant, itinerant fiddler, shrimp-seller, later a religious poet, pub. A Poetical Discourse (third edn, Bury St Edmunds, 1843). Ref The Life of Richard Rolfe, the blind peasant of Lakenheath (Bury St Edmunds, 1841); Cranbrook, 226; Copsey (2002), 305.

Rorrison, David (d. c. 1778), of Paisley, weaver, tea and tobacco seller, author of ‘The Twa Bells’, pub. in periodicals. Ref Brown, I, 284-90. [S]

Ross, James, handloom weaver of Forfar, A Peep at Parnassus. A Poetical Vision (Forfar, 1821), Poems (1825), The Chaplet (nd). Ref NCSTC, Edwards, 2 (1881), 352-4. (Johnson, item 781, has a Rotherham publication, Wild Warblings, 1817, probably another poet.) [S]

Ross, William Stewart (b. 1844), of Kirkbean, Gallowy, rural labourer, dominie, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 329-34. [S]

? Rounsevell, John, of Alterton or St. Juliot, Cornwall, ?shepherd, went to South Australia in 1867, pub. The adventures of Joseph Golding, his courtship, and marriage with Flora Percival, the Duchess of Botcinni: a tale of love in fairy style, with other poems (Plymouth, 1864). Ref Reilly (2000), 400.

? Roxby, Robert (1767-1846), the fisher poet of Tyneside, ‘born at Needless Hall, by the failure of his trustee, had to turn to business, and his long life was spent as a [banker’s] clerk’, pub. The Lay of the Reedwater Minstrel (Newcastle, 1809—reprinted 1832), pub. ‘Coquet Side’ as a broadside, 1823, and other publications jointly authored with Thomas Doubleday. Ref memorial stone in St. Nicholas’ church, Newcastle, Allan, 160-2, Welford, III, 335-8, Johnson, item 782, Miles, X, vi.

? Rudland, Mary (1854-71), of Sudbury, Suffolk, Sunday School teacher, died of TB, pub Mary Rudland: her sketches in prose and verse, edited by her father (London, 1873). Ref Reilly (2000), 400-1. [F]

Rushforth, Benjamin (‘The Blind Poet of Bolton’) (b. 1805), of Elland, Halifax, son of woollen card manufacturer, apprentice grocer in Bolton, soldier, sight damaged, workhouse inmate, made and sold oilcloth cart-covers, pub. Original verses, published for his benefit, with an introductory sketch of his life by F.H. Thicknesse (Little Bolton, 1861), Miscellaneous poems (Bolton, 1869). Ref Reilly (2000), 401.

Rushton, Edward (1756-1814), blind poet and radical, Poems (1806), Poems and other writings (London, 1824). Ref Harland, 339-41, 517-28, Ashraf (1975), 95-8, Ashraf (1978), I, 25, 36; Johnson, item 784, Goodridge (1999), item 100, Jarndyce, item 1474, Carpenter, 480. [LC 3]

Rushton, James, (b. 1848), of Rossendale then Blackburn, draper, pub. poems in newspapers. Ref Hull, 325-8.

Rushton, John, of Blackburn, ‘colleague’ of William Billington (i.e. therefore a weaver), who apologises for his ‘poor’ and ‘untaught’ muse, later moved to Stockport. Ref Hull, 132-4.

Russell, Jessie (b. 1850), of Glasgow, orphaned domestic servant, dressmaker, married a ship’s carpenter, pub. The Blinkin’ o’ the Fire and Other Poems (Glasgow, 1877). Ref Boos (1995), Leonard, 306-10, Reilly (2000), 402. [S] [F] [LC 6]

Russell, Thomas (b. 1822), of Parkhead, Glasgow, coal-carter’s son and labouring man. Ref Murdoch, 192-4. [S]


Salisbury, George ( 1832-97), of Blackburn, factory worker, auctioneer, journalist, emigrated to US in 1874, editor then proprietor of the Fall River Advance. Ref Hull, 159-65.

Sanderson, James (1788-1891), of Earlston, weaver, poems in Crockett. Ref Crocket, 121-7. [S]

Sanderson, Robert (b. 1836), of West Linton, Peeblesshire, land surveyor and weaver, took violin lessons from Alexander Thom, pub. Poems and songs (Edinburgh, 1865); Frae the Lyne Valley: Poems and Sketches (Paisley, 1888). Ref Reilly (2000), 405. [S]

? Sankey, William S. Villiers, Chartist poet. Ref Kovalev, 76-9.

Satchwell, Benjamin (1732-1810), of Leamington Priors’, Warwickshire, shoemaker, pub. The Rise and Fall of Troy, and Astronomical Characters and Their Use [lost works]. Ref Warwicks. Poets, 161-5.

? Savage, Richard (d. 1743), shoemaker poet (among other things), Miscellaneous Poems and Translations (1726), A Poem sacred to the glorious memory of our late Sovereign Lord, King George, etc. (1727), The Bastard, a poem in five cantos (1728), The Wanderer (1729), Verses occasion’ed by the Viscountess Tyrconnel’s recovery at Bath (1730), The Volunteer Laureat. A poem (1732), On the departure of the Prince and Princess of Orange. A Poem (1734), The Progress of a Divine, a satire in verse (1735), Of Public Spirit in regard to Public works. An epistle in verse... (1737).

Scadlock, James (1775-1818), of Paisley, friend of Tannahill, weaver, bookbinder, engraver; poems posthumously puplished. Ref Brown, I, 96-101; Wilson, I, 527-8. [S]

Scarlett, Robert (1820-1887), of Westleton, Suffolk, agricultural labourer, pub Poems...dedicated by permision to Miss Sarah Row (Woodbridge, 1841). Ref Copsey (2002), 314.

? Scholes, John (?1808-63), of Rochdale, failed hat-manufacturer, later journalist, contributed to The Festive Wreath (1842) Referred to in Alexander Wilson’s ‘The Poet’s Corner’ as author of ‘A Touching Scene’ and ‘many poems’. Ref Harland, 341-2, 404-8, Hollingworth, 154.

Scorgie, John (b. 1851), of Monymusk, Aberdeenshire, rabbit-trapper’s son, cattle-herder, stone-dresser, went to US but returned, pub. poems in newspaper and journals. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 321-5. [S]

? Scott, Andrew (1757-1839), of Bowden, Roxburghshire, poet and farm labourer, called ‘shepherd boy’, enlisted and served under Cornwallis in the American War of Independence, first collection pub. 1805; Poems Chiefly in Scots Dialect (Kelso, 1811, Jedbergh, 1821); published two other collections in 1821 and 1826. Ref Shanks, 143-6; Douglas, 76-9, 294; Wilson, I, 344-8; Johnson, items 804-05. [S]

Scot, Andrew (b. 1821), of Elliott Bridge, near Arbroath, herd laddie, weaver, merchant, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 134-8. [S]

? Scott, James Kim (1839-83), of Urr, Kircudbrightshire, limited education, tailor, musician, pub. Galloway gleanings: poems and songs (Castle-Douglas and Edinburgh, 1881). Ref Reilly (1994), 425; Edwards 9 (1886), xxv. [S]

? Scott, Mary, later Taylor (?1752-1793), daughter of a linen-merchant, pub. The Female Advocate (1774, reprinted Los Angeles: Augustan Reprint Society, 1984). Ref Lonsdale (1989), 320-2, Fullard, 566-7. [S] [F]

Scott, Robert, Life of Robert Scott, Journeyman Wright. In Verse, Written by Himself. With Observations Moral and Religious (Dundee, 1801). [S]

? Scott, Thomas (1747-1821), religious writer, son of a grazier. [S]

Scown, George (fl. 1836-76), of Exeter, grocer, draper, hopster, journeyman painter, pub. Such is life!: or, the experiences of a West Country painter...containing many interesting events and incidents connected with his own history, in Exeter, London, Windsor, and Oxford, from 1836 to 1876 (Oxford, 1876). Ref Reilly (2000), 409, Bodleian.

Seath, William, of Kingskettle, Fife, weaver, pub. Poems, songs, and miscellaneous pieces, descriptive and humorous (Cupar-Fife, 1869), Rhymes and lyrics: humorous, serious, descriptive and satirical (St. Helens, 1897). Ref Reilly (1994), 426, Reilly (2000), 409. [S]

Sellars, David R. (b. 1854), ‘Smalltingle’, of Dundee, shoemaker, trade unionist, pub. poems in People’s Friend and elsewhere. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 153-62. [S]

Semple, Robert (b. 1841), of Paisley, pattern designer, author of ‘A Sober Saturday Night’, in Brown, II, 364. Ref Brown, II, 360-64; Leonard, 332-3. [S]

Senior, Joseph (1819-92) Sheffield cutler and blade-forger, pub. Smithy Rhymes and Stithy Chimes; or, ‘The Short and Simple Annals of the Poor, spelt by the unletter’d muse’, of your humble bard, Joseph Senior (Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1882); Additional Poems to Smithy Rhymes and Stithy Chimes, which have been conceived during the author’s semi and total blindness (Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1884), copies in Bodleian. Ref Reilly (1994), 427, inf. Bob Heyes.

Service, David (?1776-?1828), of Yarmouth, formerly a shoemaker at Beccles, ‘The Caledonian Herd Boy’, An Elegy on the death of Mr. Swanton, painter, in Greater Yarmouth (Yarmouth, 1802), The Caledonian Herd Boy (Yarmouth, 1802), The Wild Harp’s Murmurs (Yarmouth, 1800), St. Crispin, or the Apprentice Boy (Yarmouth, 1804), A Voyage and Travels in the Region of the Brain (Yarmouth, 1808), A tour in pursuit of ideas, a picturesque view of all the Yarmouth public houses, a poem (Yarmouth, 1822), A brief sketch of the different professions, trades, etc. in the parish of Gorleston with Southtown (Yarmouth, 1828). Ref Winks, 313, 314, Harvey, Johnson, item 809, Crambrook, 253. [LC 4] [S]

? Sewell, Robert, pub. An Essay in Rhyme, in two parts (Halsted: M. King, 1834), contains ‘To Burns’ and ‘To the memory of Bloomfield’, and a list of subscribers (Johnson, item 813). Ref Johnson 46, no. 326. [S]

Shand, Alexander (b. 1845), of Drumblade, Aberdeenshire, cattle tending aged nine, soldier, book canvasser, pub. Poems and songs, composed at home, Gibralter and Canada (Montreal, 1869), The white cockade: poems and songs composed at home and abroad, 3rd edlarged edn (Glasgow, 1873). Ref Reilly (2000), 413. [S]

Shanks, Henry (b. 1829), farmer’s son, drysalter, eyesight failed c. 1862, pub. Poems (Airdrie, 1872), The Peasant Poets Of Scotland And Musing Under The Beeches (Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1881). Ref Reilly (2000), 413. [S]

Sharp, James, of Paisley, silk mercer, shawl manufacture, pub. The Captive King and Other Poems (1887). Ref Brown. [S]

Shaw, Cuthbert (1739-1771), shoemaker’s son. Ref LION, Cranbrook, 228. [LC 2]

? Shaw, James, pattern-designer, printer, schoolmaster at Tynron, Dumfriesshire. Ref Murdoch, 212-14. [S]

Shaw, John (fl. 1824-5), ploughboy, sailor, actor, Woolton Green: a domestic tale, with other miscellaneous poems (Liverpool, 1825); Don Juan Canto XVII (Liverpool, 1824); Don Juan, Canto XVIII (Liverpool, 1825). Ref Johnson, 816-18. [LC 4]

? Shaw, Thomas, Apiarist of Saddleworth, pub. Recent Poems, on rural and other miscellaneous subjects (Huddersfield: printed for the author, 1824). Ref Johnson, item 822; inf. Bob Heyes; Johnson 46, no. 328 (with illustration of title page).

Shelley, William (1815-95), illegitimate birth in Marylebone, London, worked in pits, quarries and fields from age fourteen, herring fisherman and agricultural labourer in Scotland, became a policeman in Aberdeen, pub. Aston Brook; also, a poem entitled, Are any bodies found? relating to the ferry-boat disaster on the River Dee (Aberdeen, ?1863), Flowers by the wayside (Aberdeen and Edinburgh, 1868). Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 350; Reilly (2000), 414.

? Shepheard, James, author of An Hymn to the Holy and Undivided Trinity, written by James Shepheard during his Imprisonment in Newgate. Printed from the Copy which he wrote in a Book given to his Mother two hours before his execution (1718, Dobell 1644, BL 1851.c.19(29); Foxon S397; BL C.116.i.4(70); a dying speech (1718, BL 10350.g.12(16). Ref Dobell, ESTC.

Shiells [or Sheils or Shields], Robert (d. 1753), of Roxburghshire, ‘humble origins’, journeyman printer, poet and editor. [S]

Shorrock, James (b. 1841), of Craven, West Riding, dame school education, shepherd, stable-boy, sawpit worker, joiner and cabinet maker, temperance poet. Ref Hull, 246-53.

? Shorter, Thomas (‘Thomas Brevoir’, 1823-99), errand boy, watch-case finisher, journalist, secretary of Society for Promoting Working Men’s Association and of the Working Men’s College, pub. Echoes from bygone days: or, love lyrics and character sonnets (London, 1889); Later autumn leaves: thoughts in verse, with sketches of character chiefly from our village and neighbourhood (London, 1896); Lyrics for heart and voice: a contribution to the hymnal of the future (London, 1883); Spring flowers and autumn leaves (London, 1893). Ref Reilly (1994), 433.

Sievwright, Colin (1819-95), of Brechin, Angus, son of handloom weaver, working 72-hour week or East Mill Co at age of eight (Reilly), pub. A garland for the ancient city: or, love songs for Brechin and its neighbourhood (with historical notes), 2nd edn (Brechin, 1899). Ref Reilly (1994), 434. [S]

Sillar, David (fl. 1789), friend of Burns, Poems (Kilmarnock, 1789). Ref ODNB [a mention only, mispelled as ‘Siller’, in the Janet Little entry], Harvey, Johnson, item 822. [LC 3] [S]

Simpson, George Muir (b. 1844), of Edinburgh, bookbinder, pub. Shakespeare Rab, and other Poems (1882), and poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 329-34. [S]

Singer, John (b. 1861), of Woodside, Aberdeen, spinner, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 116-21.

Skerrett, F.W., ‘our locomotive poet’, pub. Rhymes of the Rail (Leeds, 1920). Ref inf John Goodridge. [OP]

Skimming, Robert (1812-82), of Paisley, weaver, pub. Lays of Leisure Hours (1841), and another volume in 1851. Ref Brown, I, 476-80. [S]

Skipsey, Joseph (1832-1903), of North Shields, mineworker at Percy Main Colliery, pub. Poems, songs and ballads (London and Newcastle upon Tyne, 1862), The collier lad, and other songs and ballads (Newcastle upon Tyne, 1864), Poems (Blyth, 1871), A book of miscellaneous lyrics (Backworth, 1878), Carols from the coal-fields, and other songs and ballads (London, 1886, new edn. 1888); Songs and Lyrics, Collected and Revised (1892). Ref ODNB; NAR (Newcastle University); Watson, R.B., Joseph Skipsey, His Life and Work (1909), NCBEL III, 648; Maidment (1983), 79, Maidment (1987), 93-4, 204-5; Klaus (1985), 75-6, Vicinus (1974), 141, 143, 155-8, 167, 169-71, 197-8, LION, Miles, V, 515, Ricks, 526, Reilly (1994), 436, Reilly (2000), 421-2. [LC 6]

? Skirving, Adam, ‘Johnnie Cope’, of Garleton, Haddingtonshire farmer, older contemporary of Burns. Ref Shanks, 115; Edwards 12 (1889), 276. [S]

Skirving, Peter (b. 1829), of Edinburgh, a descendant of Adam Skirving, draper and outfitter, emigrated to Australia, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 276-80. [S]

? Slack, John, of Bristol, author of An Address to one of the Greatest, Gallantest, Most Loved and Humane Gentlemen in the World (1762, Dobell 1676). Ref Dobell.

? Smart, Alexander (1786-1866), of Montrose, Angus, apprentice watchmaker, became compositor in Edinburgh, wrote prose sketches and verse, pub. Songs of labour and domestic life; with, Rhymes for little readers (Edinburgh and London, 1860). Ref Reilly (2000), 423. [S]

Smart, Thomas Raynor (c. 1772-1847), Chartist poet, born near Loughborough of working class parents. When Smart’s father died, his mother could not afford to keep him on at school, so he became a carpenter. Having learnt to read, he then managed to teach himself Latin, French, Italian and Spanish. He also demonstrated a talent for verse and contributed to several periodicals. These gifts and attainments brought him to the notice of the Marquis of Hastings who found him an appointment as a supervisor of excise which lasted for 17 years. However, he lost his job as a result of his radicalism and thereafter eked out a precarious living as a schoolmaster and by making machinery and architectural drawings. For a time he lived in Loughborough where he was the Chartist leader Skevington’s chief assistant.  He then moved to Leicester, where he became a supporter of Thomas Cooper. One poem of his was published in the local Chartist press. Ref contributor. [—Ned Newitt]

Smith, Alexander (1829-67), son of a Kilmarnock lace-pattern designer, pub. Life Drama (1853); City Poems (Cambridge, 1857), Edwin of Deira (CambrIdge, 1861, 1862), Poems (New York, 1879), Poetical Works, ed. by W. Sinclair (Edinburgh, 1909). Ref ODNB; LION; Glasgow Poets, 369-76; Brown, II, 264-69; Wilson, II, 467-76; Weinstein, M.A., W.E. Aytoun and the Spasmodic Controversy (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968); DNB, N&Q, 8th ser XII (1897), 7, 57, 118, 174 & 311; Douglas, 313-14; Leonard, 207-14, Miles, V, 421, Reilly (2000), 424; Murdoch, 227-32. [S]

? Smith, Alexander, of Zetland Cottage, Falkirk, Stirlingshire, pub. Agriculture: a poem in sixteen books (Edinburgh, 1861). Ref Reilly (2000), 423. [S]

Smith, David Mitchell (b. 1848), of Bullionfield, Dundee, farm labourer]s son, railway clerk, dyer, pub. in newspapers, 3 poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 211-14 [S]

Smith, Ebenezer (b. 1835), of High Street, Ayr, third-generation shoemaker, pub. Verses (Glasgow, 1874), The season’s musings (Ayr, 1888). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 98-102; Reilly (1994), 440, Reilly (2000), 424, Murdoch, 288-90. [S]

Smith, Elizabeth (Lizzie) Horne (b. 1876), of Hagghill, Glasgow, dairymaid, pub. Poems of a Dairymaid (Paisley, Edinburgh and London, 1898). Ref Reilly (1994), 440. [S] [F]

Smith, James, shoemaker, of Aberdeen, pub. Hame-spun rhymes (Aberdeen, 1879), Bodleian. Ref Reilly (2000), 425. [S]

Smith, James (c. 1814-1885), ‘Vinney’, of Forfar, handloom weaver, teacher, pub. poems in the Dundee papers. Ref Edwards, 1 and Edwards, 9 (1886), xxi. [S]

Smith, James (1824-87), of Edinburgh, son of a coach-lace weaver, printer, compositor, reader, librarian of the Mechanics’ Library, well-known Scottish poet and story-writer, pub. Poems and songs (Edinburgh, 1864), The merry bridal o’ Forthmains, and other poems and songs (Edinburgh, 1866, 2nd edn also 1866), Poems, songs and ballads (Edinburgh, 1869). Ref Reilly (2000), 425-6, Murdoch, 44-52; Edwards, 1 (1880), and 12 (1889), xvii-xviii. [S]

Smith, John (b. 1836), of Springbank, Alyth, herder, wholesale draper, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 13 (1890), 198-205. [S]

Smith, John G., stonemason of Ednam, Roxburghshire, left the district under church pressure because of his satirical poetry, pub. The old churchyard; The twa mice, and miscellaneous poems and songs (Kelso, 1862). Ref Reilly (2000), 426. [S]

Smith, John Kelday (d. 1889), of Newcastle upon Tyne (born Orkney), bellhanger, local songwriter. Ref Allan, 491. [S]

Smith, Margaret (fl. 1890), of St Andrews, Orkney, farmer’s daughter, pub. in magazines as ‘Daisy’, and poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 13 (1890), 33-8. [S] [F]

? Smith, Mary S. (1822-89), of Cropredy, Oxfordshire, shoemaker’s daughter, became schoolmistress in Carlisle, pub. Poems, By M.S. (1860); Progress, and Other Poems, the later including poems on the social affections and poems on life and behaviour, by M.S. (London and Carlisle, 1873); The Autobiography of Mary Smith, Schoolmistress and Nonconformist. A Fragment of a Life. With Letters from Jane Welsh Carlyle and Thomas Carlyle (1892); Miscellaneous Poems (1892), also wrote about castles; Bodleian. Ref Vincent, 208; Reilly (1994), 442. [F]

Smith, Robert Archibald (1780-1829) weaver, soldier, music teacher and choir conductor, pub. Anthems (1819), The Scottish Minstrel, 6 vols (1821-4), The Irish Minstrel, 2 vols (1825), An Introduction to Singing (1826), Select Melodies (1827). Ref Brown, I, 150-57. [S]

? Smith, Thomas (d. 1877), of Paisley, letter-press printer, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 187-88. [S]

Smith, William, the Haddington Cobbler, A Collection of Original Poems (Edinburgh, 1821), Verses composed on the disgraceful traffic at present carried on of selling the newly dead (1829). The Haddington Cobbler Defended; or, The doctors dissected. By an East Linton Gravedigger. Being a reply to the poems published by the Resurrectionist men (1829); The Haddington Cobbler Dissected Alove, in answer to his objections against dissecting the dead. (it is not clear whether British Heroism, 1815, Johnson, item 846, is by the same William Smith.) [S] [LC 4]

Snaddon, Alexander (b. 1842), of Collyland, Clackmannanshire, weaver, letter-carrier, pub. poems in Alloa Journal and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 115-20. [S]

Snell, Henry James, working man of the stained glass works, Cumberland Market, London, pub. Love lies bleeding (London, ?1870), Poems: containing, The three twilights...The shipwreck, and minor poems (London, 1871). Ref Reilly (2000), 429.

Soutar, Alexander M. (b. 1846), of Muirdrum, Forfarshire, farmworker, joiner, soldier, pub. Hearth rhymes, with an introductory preface by William Rose (Dundee, 1880). Ref Reilly (1994), 445. [S]

Spalding, Colin (b. 1826), of Rattray, Perthshire, cook, valet, hotelier, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 94-8. [S]

Spence, Charles (1779-1869), of Kinfauns, Perthshire, mason, pub. From the braes of the Carse: poems and songs, ed. by James M. Strachan (Perth, 1898). Ref Reilly (2000), 431-2, Bodleian. [S]

Spence, Peter (1806-83), of Brechin, Forfarshire, son of a handloom weaver, grocer, chemist, lived in Perth, Carlisle and Manchester, pub. Poems (written in early life) (London, 1888). Ref Reilly (1994), 446; Edwards, 13 (1890), 136-46. [S]

Spencer, Richard, of Holbeck, Leeds, apprenticed to a brushmaking firm, pub. Field flowers: poems (Batley and Leeds, 1891). Ref Reilly (1994), 446.

? Stagg, John (1770-1823), Cumberland poet of peasant life, lost sight in youth, Miscellaneous Poems (1790), Miscellaneous Poems, some of which are in the Cumberland and Scottish dialects (1804, 1805, 1807, 1808), The Minstrel of the North; or, Cumbrian legends (Manchester, 1816), The Cumberland Minstrel (Manchester, 1821), Legendary, gothic and romantic tales, in verse, and other original poems, and translations. By a northern minstrel (Shrewsbury, 1825). Ref DNB, inf. Michael Baron, Johnson, items 850-7; Johnson 46, no. 332.

Stark, William (b. 1857), of Anderson, Glasgow, postal worker, pub poems in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 232-8. [S]

? Standing, James (1848-78), of Cliviger, near Burnley, bobbin maker from before the age of eight, later teacher, auctioneer and other jobs, learned French and German, pub. Lancashire and Yorkshire Comic, Historic and Poetic Almanack (1873-7), Ref Stansfield, Abraham, ‘Folk Speech of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Border’, Essays and Sketches, being a few selections from the prose writings of twenty years (Manchester: Printed for the Author by the Manchester Scholastic Trading Co., 1897), Hollingworth, 154-5.

Steel or Steele, Andrew (1811-82), of Coldstream, Berwickshire, shoemaker, pub. Poetical works, 2nd edn (Edinburgh, 1863), Poetical productions, 3rd edn (Edinburgh, 1864, 4th edn 1865), Select productions, 5th edn (Edinburgh, 1867), Poetical works (Edinburgh, 1871). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 76-80; Edwards, 9 (1886), xx; Crockett, 158-62; Reilly (2000), 436. [S]

Steel, William, letter carrier, later a concert singer, pub. Scotland’s natural songster: songs and addresses, written and sung by Willliam Steel (Invercargill, 1865). Ref Reilly (2000), 436. [S]

Stephens, Charles Taylor (b. 1863), of Liverpool, shoemaker by trade, became rural postman in Cornwall, living in St Ives, pub. The chief of Barat-Anac, and other poems, songs, &c. (St Ives and Penzance, 1862), 36 pp, Morrab Library, Penzance; preface states ‘These poems were not written with any intention to publish them, nor would they appear in print if the writer were able to earn a living at his trade’. Ref Reilly (2000), 437; inf. Kaye Kossick. [LC6]

? Stephenson, William (b. 1763), of Newcastle upon Tyne, watchmaker disabled by an accident, schoolmaster, pub. a volume of poems in 1832. Ref Allan, 119-21.

? Stevens, George Alexander (1710-84), lecturer, playwright, pub. Songs, Comic and Satyrical (1772). Ref DNB, LION.

? Stevenson, Edith (‘Edith’), of Edinburgh, pub. The Yetts o’ Muckart: or, the famous pic-nic and the brilliant barn-ball, in hairst, auchteen-hunder an’ seventy-one (Edinburgh, 1872). Ref Reilly (2000), 438. [S] [F]

Stevenson, Jane, widow of a stonemason, pub. Verses (Banff, 1866) Ref Reilly (2000), 438. [S] [F]

Stevenson, John, of Paisley, weaver, appeared in miscellanies. Ref Brown, I, 212-14. [S]

Stewart, Alexander (b. 1841), of Galston, Ayrshire, weaver, book-deliverer, city mission worker, pub. Bygone memories, and other poems, with an Introductory Preface by Alexander Macleod (Edinburgh, 1888). Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 120-9; Reilly (1994), 453. [S]

Stewart, Allan (1812-37), of Paisley, drawboy and weaver, pub. posthumous volume, Poetic Remains of the Late Allan Stewart (Paisley, 1838). Ref Brown, II, 20-23; Jarndyce, item 1489. [S]

Stewart, Andrew (b. 1842), of Gallowgate, Glasgow, machine operator, journalist and poet. Ref British Workman, c. 1893; Edwards, 15 (1893), 97-103. [S]

Stewart, Charles (fl. 1856-85), of Bailiietown, Glasgow, weaver, went to Canada in 1856, later librarian of Galt Mechanics’ Institute, pub. The Harp of Strathnaver: A Lay of the Scottish Highland Evictions,and other poems (c. 1885), and poems In Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 305-11. [S]

Stewart, James (1801-43), shoemaker of Perth, wrote verse ‘Sketches of Scottish Character’. Ref Douglas, 308. [S]

Stewart, James (b. 1841), of Johnstone, Dumfriesshire, farm worker, railwayman, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 252-8. [S]

Stewart, Robert (1806-85), of Paisley, handloom weaver, pub. some of his pieces in 1851. Ref Brown, I, 389-91 . [S]

Stewart, Thomas (b. 1840), ‘Rustic Rhymer’ of Larkhall, Lanarkshire, coalminer. pub. in local press, and a vol of Doric Rhymes, some hamely Rhymes (Larkhall, 1875). Ref Murdoch, 362-5, [S]

Stewart, Thomas (b. 1859), of Monboy, Brechin, farmboy, grocer, pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 188-92. [S]

Stewart, William (b. 1835), of Aberlour, shoemaker, shopkeeper, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 89-94. [S]

Stewart, William (b. 1867), of Waterside, Lochlee, farmworker, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 139-41. [S]

Stibbons, Frederick, pub. The Poems of a Norfolk Ploughman (1902). Ref inf John Goodridge. [OP]

Still, Peter (1814-48), of Longside, Aberdeenshire, cattle herder, poet, pub. Cottar’s Sunday and Other Poems. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 305-8; Shanks, 153-4. [S]

? Still, Peter, poet, son of Peter Still the cattle-herder poet. Ref Edwards, 1. [S]

Story or Storey, Robert (1795-1860), of Wark, Northumberland, worked as gardener, shepherd and schoolteacher, made the acquaintance of John Nicholson, pub. Craven Blossoms (Skipton, 1826, Johnson, item 872); The magic fountain, with other poems (London, 1829); The outlaw, a drama in five acts (London, 1839); Songs and lyrical poems (Liverpool, 1837); Love and Literature: Being the Reminiscences, Literary Opinions and Fugitive Pieces of a Poet in Humble Life (London, 1842), contributed to The Festive Wreath (1842), Poetical Works of Robert Story (London, 1857), includes autobiographical preface, The lyrical and other minor poems of Robert Story, with a sketch of his life and writings by John James (London and Bradford, 1861). Ref Vicinus (1974), 141, 143, 148-9, 151, 164, 167, 170-1, 173-4, 176, 179, Maidment (1987), 144-5, Harvey, Vincent, 97, Johnson, items 872-6, Vincent, 208, LION, Crossan, 40n33, Reilly (2000), 442.

? Stott, Benjamin, of Manchester, bookbinder and poet, Chartist , Referred to in Alexander Wilson’s ‘The Poet’s Corner’, pub. ‘The Songs of the Millions’ in The Northern Star in 1842, Songs for the Millions and Other Poems (London, 1843). Ref Kovalev, 106-9, Scheckner, 305-8, 343, Vincent, 124n, 188.

Stott, Maggie (b. 1862), of Montrose, domestic servant. Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 167-9. [S] [F]

? Stratton, Nicholas, a ‘rustic farmer’s son’ from Huntingdonshire, poet of humble origins, pub. Poems on Various Subjects (1824). Ref Crossan, 37, Powell, item 369.

Struthers, John (1776-1853), shoemaker poet, pub. Poems on various subjects (1801), Anticipation (1803), The Poor Man’s Sabbath (1804), The Peasant’s Death and other poems (1806), The Winter’s Day with other poems (Glasgow, 1811), Poems moral and religious (1814), The Plough and other poems (Glasgow, 1816), An essay on the state of the labouring poor (1816), The Harp of Caledonia (1819), The British Minstrel (1821), The History of Scotland (1827), The Poor Man’s Sabbath and Other Poems (1832), Dychmont: A Poem (Glasgow, 1836). Ref ODNB, Glasgow Poets, 132-40; Wilson, I, 540-51; Winks, 314-15; Harvey; Johnson, items 880-2. [S]

? Sutherland, Frank (b. 1844), ‘Uncle Peter’, hairdresser, of Morayshire, pub. Sunny Memories of Morayland. Ref Murdoch, 399-401. [S]

Sutherland, George (b. 1866), born near Durham but moved early to Berwick, worked in coal trade at Berwick Station, pub. poems in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 209-12. [S]

Sutherland, William (b. 1797), a ‘young working class author’ of Langton, Berwickshire, ‘The Langton Bard’, son of a Highland cattleman, joiner, grocer, emigrated to America in 1823, pub. Poems and songs (Haddington: printed for the author, by James Miller, 1821), which includes a lament on the death of Robert Burns and a poem on Allan Ramsay. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 166-9; Crocket, 137-8; Johnson, item 887. [S]

Swain, Charles (1801 or 1803-74), dyehouse clerk, poet, lithographer, member of the ‘Sun Inn’ group of Manchester poets, pub. Metrical Essays (1827, 1828), Beauties of the Mind, a poetical sketch; with lays, historical and romantic (London, 1831), Art and Fashion, with other sketches, songs and poems (London, 1863), Dryburgh Abbey, and other poems (London and Manchester, 1868). Ref Harland, frontispiece and 217-20, 233, 241-, 244-7, 252, 293-4, 311-12, 323-4, 350-1, 355, 363-4, 422-3, 443, 473, 481-2, Cross, 147-8, Maidment (1987), 121-4, Vicinus (1973), 743, Vicinus (1974), 160, Johnson, items 888-9, DNB, LION, X, xii, Reilly (2000), 446.

? Swain, John (b. 1815), of Haddenly Hall, Holmfirth, Yorkshire, cloth finisher, teacher, inspector of letter carriers, lived at Otley, pub. Cottage carols, and other poems (London, 1861), The tide of even, and other poems, with tales and songs (London and Otley, 1877). Ref Reilly (2000), 446.

Swain, Joseph (1761-1796), apprenticed as engraver, hymn-writer, poet. Ref DNB.

Swan, Robert. (b. 1853), of Kirkburn, Peebles, draper, pub. in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards 10 (1887), 62-6. [S]

Swanson, Thomas, unemployed collier and dialect poet, pub. Select Poems (North Shields, 1878). Ref Charles Cox (bookseller), catalogue 51 (2005), item 263.

Swift, John, of Rochdale, Lance, Private in the Kings Own Light Infantry, served at Waterloo, pub. Reminiscences of the Battle of Waterloo (Rochdale, 1864). Ref Reilly (2000), 447.

Syme, James, Chartist, author of ‘Labour Song’ (The Northern Star, 26 December 1840). Ref Maidment (1987), 42-4, Kovalev, 80-1, Scheckner, 309-10, 343.

Symonds, Thomas Dudley (1847-1915), of Dulwich, ‘The Woodbridge Poet’, boot and shoe maker, pub. Sparks from the Jubilee bonfire (Woodbridge, [1888]). Ref Copsey (2002), 341.


Tait, Alexander (fl. 1790), of Paisley, tailor, author of ‘A Ramble Through Paisley’ in his Poems and Songs (Paisley, 1790), wrote poems against Burns (as did Maxwell). Ref Brown, I, 198-206; Leonard, 36-7. [S]

Tannahill, Robert (1774-1810), of Paisley, weaver, drowned himself, pub. Poems and songs, chiefly in the Scottish dialect (Paisley, 1815), The soldier’s return...with other poems and songs (Paisley, 1807); see elegies to him in Brown, I, 209-11. Ref ODNB; NRA (Glasgow); Wilson, I, 501-8; Maidment (1983), 85; Johnson, items 334, 892-3; Douglas, 296-9; Brown, I, 86-95; Leonard, 38-52 & 373; LION; Miles, II, 73-86. [S]

Tasker, David (b. 1840), of Dundee, mill boy, warper, mill manager, lived in Carlisle, pub. Musings of leisure hours (Carlisle, 1878). Ref Reilly (2000), 451, Edwards, 2 (1881), 280-3. [S]

Tate, Matthew (b. 1837), of Benton, Northumberland, miner, poet, pub. Stray Blossoms (1874), Pit life in 1893 (Blyth, 1894), Poems, songs and ballads (Blyth, 1898). Ref Reilly (1994), 463, Newcastle Central Library, Charles Cox (bookseller), Catalogue 51 (2005), item 266..

Tatersal, Robert, bricklayer, of Kingston upon Thames, author of The Bricklayer’s Miscellany; or, Poems on Several Subjects (second edition, 1734: BL 1162.k.2). Ref ODNB, Unwin, 72-3, Røsvig, II, 158; Shiach, 53-4, Klaus (1985), 4-7 &14, Lonsdale (1984), 278-80, 844n, Phillips, 213; Harvey, ESTC, Christmas, 110-15. [LC 1]

Tatton, William, working man of Stoke, Devonport, pub. Edwin and Marguerite: a legend and other poems (London and Devonport, 1860). Ref Reilly (2000), 452.

Taylor, David (‘The Saint Ninians Poet’) (1817-76), of Dollar, Clackmannanshire, weaver, moved to Stirlingshire, wrote and set songs, wrote for newspapers, drowned in the river Devon on holiday at Dollar, pub. include Miscellaneous Poems (1827), Welm and Amelia with other Poems (1830), The poems and songs of David Taylor, with memoir, notes, and glossary by William Harvey (Stirling, 1893). Ref Reilly (2000), 453; Edwards, 15 (1893), 397-400. [S]

Taylor, Ellen, daughter of ‘an indigent cottager’, pub. Poems (Dublin, 1792). Ref Lonsdale (1989), 455-7, Carpenter, 473. [I] [F]

Taylor, James (1794-c. 1864), the Royton poet, Lancashire cotton-worker, self-taught, pub. vols. in 1825 and 1830; posthumously pub. Miscellaneous Poems (Oldham: Hurst and Rennie, 1864). Ref inf Bob Heyes.

? Taylor, John, The Water Poet (1580-1653). Ref Southey, 15-87, Craik, II, Unwin, 21-3, Harvey, LION, Christmas, 66-7.

Taylor, John (fl. 1787), stay-maker of Limerick, known as an eccentric. Ref Carpenter, 428. [I]

Taylor, John (b. 1839), of Raddery, Ross-shire, orphaned son of a shoemaker, stable boy, merchant’s assistant, gardener, navigator on the Highland railway, took different jobs throughout Scotland before settling in Edinburgh, pub. Poems, chiefly on themes of Scottish interest, with introductory preface by W. Lindsay Alexander (Edinburgh, 1875). Ref Reilly (2000), 453-4. [S]

Taylor, John Kay, self-taught apprentice of Oldham, pub. The Land of Burns and other poems, and The Burial of Burns (Glasgow, 1847). Ref Manchester Public Library copy of the latter.

Taylor, Kirkwood, of Derby, railwayman, pub. “Behold the fowls of the air”: thoughts in blank verse on matters social and religious (Leicester and Wallasey, Cheshire: 1899). Ref Reilly (1994), 465.

Taylor, Malcolm (b. 1850), of Dundee, plumber, private secretary, pub. in newspapers & in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 101-7. [S]

Teenan, Joseph (1830-83), of Edinburgh, tailor, self-educated, lived in London and East Linton, pub. Song and satire (London, 1876). Ref Reilly (2000), 454, Edwards, 2 (1881), 229-33 and 9 (1886), xxv. [S]

Teer, John, of Manchester, cotton piecer (weaver) and poet, pub. Silent Musings (Manchester, 1869). Ref Vincent, 125n, Reilly (2000), 454.

? Teft, Elizabeth, regarded Duck as a precedent and had ‘want of learning’, pub. Orinthia’s Miscellany (1747). Ref Lonsdale (1989), 217-19. [F]

Telfer, James (1800-62), of Southdean, Roxburghshire, shepherd’s son, and shepherd, later schoolmaster, pub. Border Ballads and Miscellaneous Poems, (1824), dedicated to Hogg. Ref Wilson, II, 217-22, Shanks, 141, Johnson, item 897. [S]

Telford, William (b. 1828), of Leitholm, drain digger, emigrated to Canada as a farmer, pub. a vol of selected poems. Ref Crockett, 245-7. [S]

Tennant, Robert (1830-79), of Airdrie, Lanarkshire, orphaned handloom weaver, postal messenger, letter-carrier, pub. Wayside musings (Airdrie, 1872). Ref Reilly (2000), 455; Murdoch, 221-6. [S]

? Thistlethwaite, James, Chatterton’s friend, author of The Prediction of Liberty (1776, Dobell 1802, BL 11630.e.16(5)); The Consultation (Bristol, 1774, 1775, BL; Corruption (1780, BL Ref Dobell, ESTC.

? Thom, Robert William (1816-?1890), of Annan, Dumfriesshire, surgeon’s son, draper in Blackburn, lived later in Glasgow, pub. Poems (Dudley, ?1860), Coventry poems (Coventry, ?1860), Dudley poems (Dudley, c. 1865), The courtship and wedding of Jock o’ the Knowe, and other poems, 2nd edn (Glasgow, 1878), The epochs: a poem (Glasgow, 1884), Poems (Glasgow, 1880), Poems and ballads (Scotch and English) (Glasgow, 1886). Ref OBNB, Reilly (1994), 467, Reilly (2000), 458. [S]

Thom, William (?1799-1848), of Aberdeen, ‘The Inverurie Poet’, weaver, later lived in London and Dundee, pub. ‘A Chieftain Unknown to the Queen,’ The Northern Star, September 1842; Rhymes and Recollections of a Handloom Weaver (London and Aberdeen, 1844; 2nd 1845). Ref ODNB, Wilson, II, 202-6, Shiach, 36, 67-70, Maidment (1983), 84-5, Maidment (1987), 22 [image], 32-6, 63-5, Scheckner, 311-12, 343, Vincent, 151, Ashton & Roberts, ch. 3, 46-57; NCSTC, LION, Miles, III, 249, Murdoch, 81, Zlotnick, 176. [LC 5] [S]

Thomas, David (1760?-1822) Welsh poet and weaver; several titles in Welsh; [DNB]. [W]

? Thomas, Frederick, hatter, pub. Humorous and other poetic pictures: legends and stories of Devon (London and Plymouth, 1883). Ref Reilly (1994), 467.

? Thomason, Mary, (1863-1937), dialect poet, teacher at a Wesleyan primary school in Leigh, her Warp and Weft: Cuts from a Lancashire Loom pub. posthumously (Leigh 1938). Ref Hollingworth, 155. [OP] [F]

? Thompson, William Gill (1796-1844), of Newcastle, printer, journalist and poet, pub. The Coral Wreath and Other Poems (1821). Ref Welford, III, 514-16.

Thomson, David (1806-70), of Roseneath, Dumbartonshire, shepherd’s son, rural keeper, pub. Musings among the heather: being poems chiefly in the Scottish dialect, by the late David Thomson, arranged and edited (Edinburgh. 1881). Ref Reilly (2000), 459; Edwards, 2 (1881), 112-17. [S]

Thomson, Hope A. (b. 1863), of Bellshill, Lanarkshire, brother of William Thomson author of ‘Leddy May’, tailor, pub. in newspapers. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 152-5. [S]

Thomson, Hugh (b. 1847), of Rothesay, iron moulder, letter-carrier, pub. vol of Poems and Essays, and poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 205-9. [S]

Thom[p]son, James (1763-1832), weaver of Kenleith, pub. Poems in the Scottish Dialect (Edinburgh, 1801); Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect (Leith, 1819); A Poem, chiefly in the Scottish dialect, on raising and selling the dead ... (Leith, 1821). Ref Johnson, items 905-6; Edwards, 15 (1893), 315-20. [S]

Thomson, James (1827-88), of Bowden, herder then wood turner, poems include ‘Hogmanay’, ‘Hairst’, pub. Doric lays and lyrics (Edinburgh, 1870; 2nd enlarged edn Glasgow, 1884). Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 266-73 and 12 (1889), xxiii; Douglas, 256-7, 313, Reilly (2000), 460. [S]

? Thomson, James (1834-82), (‘B.V.’), of Port Glasgow, orphaned son of a merchant ship’s officer and a dressmaker, author of The City of Dreadful Night (1880). Ref Tom Leonard, Places of the mind: The Life and Work of James Thomson (‘B.V.’) (London: Cape, 1993), Leonard, 281-95, LION, Miles, V, 327, Ricks, 442-56. Ref Reilly (1994), 470. [S]

Thomson, James (b. 1835 [but Edwards gives 1825]), of Rothes, Speyside, Morayshire, crofter’s son, herder, gardener, pub. The captive chief: a tale of Flodden Field, and other poems, 2nd edn (Edinburgh, 1871), Northumbria; The captive chief, and other poems, 3rd edn (Alnwick, 1881). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 380-4; Reilly (2000), 460; Murdoch, 260-2. [S]

Thomson, Neil (b. 1823), of Glasgow, ‘The Hyde Park Foundry Man’ tinsmith, soldier, prison warder, pub. poems in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 388-94. [S]

Thomson, Robert Burns (1817-87), weaver then mill manager, grandson of Robert Burns, pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 7 (1884), 151-60 and 12 (1889), xvi; Leonard, 235. [S]

Thomson, Samuel (1766-1816), Ulster weaver poet. Ref Carpenter, 482. [I]

Thomson, Thomas (b. 1800), of Loanhead, Midlothian, house painter and portraitist, pub. poems in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 95-98. [S]

Thomson, Thomas (b. 1848), of Edinburgh, compositor, reporter, printer’s reader, prose writer and critic, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 78-82. [S]

Thomson, William (‘Theta’) (1797-1887), of Kennoway, Fife, worked in linen manufacture, grocer and general merchant, postmaster at Kennoway, pub. Verses (1866), Poetical recreations (Cupar, 1877). Ref Edwards, 1 (1880) and 12 (1889), xi; Reilly (2000), 460. [S]

? Thomson, William (1860-83), of Glasgow, tailor, contributor to newspapers and periodicals, pub. Leddy May, and other poems (Glasgow, 1883). Ref Reilly (1994), 471, Edwards, 2 (1881), 156-7, 5 (183), 241-53 and 9 (1886), xxv. [S]

? Threlfall, Jennette (1822-80), daughter of a wine merchant, orphaned, seriously injured late in life, pub. Sunshine and shadow: poems by Jennette Threlfall, with introduction (London 1873) Ref Reilly (2000), 461-2. [F]

Todd, Maggie (b. 1866), of Campertown, Dundee, miller’s daughter, pub. in People‘s Journal and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 13 (1890), 33-8. [S] [F]

Towers, Walter (b. 1841), of Carronshore, Stirlingshire, pattern-maker, songwriter, pub. Poems, song and ballads (Glasgow, 1885). Ref Reilly (1994), 476; Edwards, 8 (1885), 345-49. [S]

? Townsend, David (b. 1807), of Kettering, Northants., singer-songwriter and violinist on the streets of Kettering, pub. The gipsies of Northamptonshire: their manner of life, festive amusements, and fortune telling, fifty years ago [poems] (Kettering, 1877), BL; Heroes of Kettering, and other records (Kettering, 1892). Ref Reilly (1994), 477, Reilly (2000), 465.

? Train, Joseph (1779-1852), of Sorn, Ayrshire, apprentice, militiaman, manufacturing agent, exciseman, poet, pub. Poetical Reveries (1806), Strains of the Mountain (1814), and other works including historical writings. Ref: Wilson, II, 30-32, Johnson 46, no. 334. [S]

Turnbull, Gavin (c. 1765- after 1808), poet and actor, weaver, of Hawick, Kilmarnock, pub. Poetical Essays (Glasgow, 1788, BL 1466.d.26), Poems (1794, BL 11632.b.53). Ref ODNB, Eyre-Todd. [S]

Turner, George (b. 1805), of Dumfermline, tailor, soldier, abstinence advocate, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 261-4. [S]

Tweedale, Robert (b. 1832), of Ballymoney, Country Down, Johnstone and Paisley, shoemaker, son of an Irish agricultural labourer, author of ‘Co-Operation: The Brotherhood of Man’ in Brown, II, 355-7. Ref brown, II, 354-58; Leonard, 334-6. [I] [S]

? Tyre, John (b. 1824), of paisely, pattern-designer, poems in Brown. Ref Brown, II, 193-97. [S]


Usher, John (1810-29), Lammermoor sheep-herder, attended Edinburgh University o become a minister, but died before he had qualified, author of ‘Lammermoor’, pub. in Crockett. Ref Crockett, 208-9. [S]


? Varley, Isabella, later Banks (1821-81), member of the Lancashire Literary Association (formed from the ‘Sun Inn’ group of Manchester poets), novelist and poet, author of The Manchester Man, a popular novel. Ref Harland, 300, 364-5, 433-4, 448-9, 484-5, Vicinus (1974), 160. [F]

Vaughan, Thomas (‘The Hereford Poet’) (1813-63), tailor, of Hereford, pub. Morah; or the Indian wife: a moral tale; also, Songs and ballads; and, The apparition: a tale of Hereford, founded upon fact (Hereford, 1863). Ref Reilly (2000), 474.

? Vedder, David (1790-1854), of Burness, Orkney, orphan, cabin boy, ship’s captain, pub. The Covenanter’s Communion and Other Poems (1826), Orcadian Sketches [prose and verse] (1832), Poems—Legendary, Lyrical and Descriptive (1842), and others. Ref Wilson, II, 117-21. [S]

? Verney, Thomas, author of A copy of verses humbly presented to all my worthy masters and mistresses in the ward of Castle-Baynard, by Thomas Verney, Bell-man (1742), BL 1870.d.1(64). Ref ESTC.

? Vernon, Henry, of Alnwick, Northumberland, pub. Thoughts of leisure hours: poems, songs &c. &c. (Edinburgh, 1871). Ref Reilly (2000), 475.

Vernon, James, of London, Chartist, worker-poet, pub. in The Northern Star and in separate booklets, including The Afflicted Muse (South Molton, n.p.). Ref Kovalev, 99, Scheckner, 313, 343.

Vernon, William, author of ‘A Journey into Wales’, Gents. Mag. May 1757; Poems on Several Occasions by William Vernon, a Private Soldier in the Buffs (1758: BL Ref Gents. Mag. May 1757; BL; Staffs. Poets, 109-11. [LC 2]


Waddell, James (fl. 1809), shoemaker ‘poet laureate of Plessy and the neighbouring villages’, pub. The Poetical Works of James Waddell (Morpeth, 1809). Ref Iolo A. Williams, By-Ways Round Helicon: A Kind of Anthology (London: Heinemann, 1922), 137.

Waddington, James (1829-61), b. Horton, nr. Bradford, lived at Saltaire, wool-sorter, ?power-loom weaver, author of Flowers of the glen: the poetical remains of James Waddington, ed. by Eliza Craven Green (Bradford, 1862). Ref Maidment (1987), 187, 196-7; Vicinus (1974), 161, 171, Reilly (2000), 479.

Wakefield, George (1821-88), of Uttoxeter, carpenter’s son, shoemaker, railway night watchman and porter at Uttoxeter station, pub. Poems on various subjects (1854); The River Dove and Human Life Compared (1856). Ref Staffs. Poets, 173-5.

Walker, J. Bradshaw, ‘working man’, pub. Way-Side Flowers; or, Poems, Lyrical and Descriptive (Leeds, 1840). Ref Charles Cox (bookseller), Catalogue 51 (2005), item 282.

Walker, John, of Liverpool, shoemaker poet, pub. A Descriptive Poem On The Town And Trade Of Liverpool (1789). Ref Harvey. (?Johnson, item 932, may Refer.) [LC 3]

Walker, John (b. c . 1747), farm labourer, pub. Poems in English, Scotch and Gaelic (Glasgow, 1817). Ref Johnson, item 931. [S]

Walker, John (b. 1845), of Blackburn, son of a working-man, largely self-taught, pupil-teacher, warehouseman, journalist. Ref Hull, 272-87.

Walker, John (b. 1857), of Rothesay, Glasgow factory worker, artist, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 102-9. [S]

Walker, John (1861-1932), of Wythburn, Thirlmere, Cumberland, worked in wool manufacture from an early age, wrote for newspapers, pub. Hubert and Emmeline: poems on nature, and other poems (Edinburgh, 1887). Ref Reilly (1994), 493.

Walker, William, ‘Bill Stumps’ (b. 1830), cattle-herder, quarryman, pub. poems in the People’s Journal. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 102-6. [S]

Wall, John, late nineteenth-century Bristol shoemaker poet. Ref inf Madge Dresser, UWE.

? Wallace, Alexander (b. 1816), of Paisley, draw boy, weaver’s apprentice, later university educated temperance writer and preacher, pub. Poems and sketches (Glasgow, London and Edinburgh, 1862). Ref Reilly (2000), 482. [S]

Wallace, Andrew (b. 1835), of Leslie, Fife, son of stonemason, clerk, emigrated to Canada, returned to Scotland, railway cashier, inspector of the poor, pub. Essays, sketches and poems (London and Glasgow, 1869). Ref Reilly (2000), 482. [S]

Wallace, Edgar (1873-1932), of Greenwich, orphan, private soldier, journalist, pub. The Mission that failed: a tale of the raid, & other poems (Cape Town, 1898). Ref Reilly (1994), 495.

Wallace, George (b. c. 1845), ‘The Spring Poet’, cooper, soft-goods manufacturer, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 354-8. [S]

Waller, John Rowell (b. 1854), of Cragg Head, County Durham, joiner, ironmonger, engineering worker, lived at Wallsend, pub. Unstrung links: dropped from the disjointed chain of a toiling life, as the ringing chorus of nature’s music beat time on the anvil of a responding heart (Darlington, 1878); Ramblings and Musings (1886); Wayside Flowers: being, The Battle of Otterburn and other poems (Bedlington, 1881); Woodland and shingle: poems and songs (Darlington, 1883), and other volumes. Ref Reilly (2000), 483; Reilly (1994), 495; Newcastle Lit & Phil.

Walmesley, Luke Slater (b. 1841), of Blackburn, son of a factory ‘tackler’, schoolmate of Henry Yates, member of the Billington circle of poets, and of the Mechanics’s Institute. Ref Hull, 238-45.

Walsh, John (b. 1848), of Blackburn, printer’s devil, weaver, dialect and local poet. Ref Hull, 302-14.

? Wanless, Andrew (b. 1824), of Longformacus, Lammermoor, bookbinder, emigrated to Canada, pub. several vols of poetry and Sketches and Anecdotes (1891), dubbed the ‘Burns of the United States’. Ref Crockett, 228-36. [S]

Ward, Edward, ‘Ned’ (1667-1740), LION, Christmas, 67. [LC 1]

? Ward, John (fl. 1642-3), puritan trooper poet.

Ward, Richard (b. 1863), of Paisley, miner, emigrated to America but returned to Paisley, pub. pieces in papers. Ref Brown, II, 507-11. [S]

Wardrop, Alexander (b. 1850), of Whitburn, Linlithgowshire, weaver’s son, tailor, pub. Johnnie Mathison’s courtship and marriage with, Poems and songs (Coatbridge, 1881), Mid-Cauther Fair: a dramatic pastoral, with other poems, songs, and prose sketches (Glasgow, 1887); Robin Tamson’s Hamely Sketches (Glasgow nd. c. 1902). Ref Reilly (1994), 498. [S]

Waters, Daniel (b. 1838), of Wick, house painter, pub. in Glasgow magazines, 3 poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 2 (1881), 253-6. [S]

? Watkins, John (1792-1831), popular Chartist poet and lecturer, poems included ‘The Golden Age’. Ref Kovalev, 82-6, Scheckner, 314-17, 344.

Watson, Alexander (1744-1831), of Aberdeen, tailor, author of ‘The Kail Brose of Auld Scotland’ and ‘The Wee Wifukie’. Ref Eyre-Todd, 46. [S]

Watson, George (b. 1846) of Dundee, rope-spinner (‘The Roper Bard’), pub. Love’s task: poems and songs, 2nd ser (Dundee, 1899). Ref Edwards, 14 (1891), 36-41; Reilly (1994), 501. [S]

Watson, Jessie J. Simpson (b. 1854), of Greenock, miller’s daughter, pub. poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 262-5. [S] [F]

? Watson, John (1793-1878), farmer and poet, pub. Samples in common sense, in verse, by a Forfarshire farmer (Brechin, 1875). Ref Shanks, 156-8, Reilly (2000), 486 [S]

Watson, Richard (1833-1918), lead miner’s son, of Middleton-in-Teesdale, iron ore miner, pub. Poems (1862), revised and expanded 1884 (Poetical Works), reprinted 1930, Egremont Castle, and miscellaneous poems (Whitehaven , 1868). Ref Around the Hollow Hills (1978), a biography of Watson; Rhymes of a Rustic Bard: The Poems and Songs of Richard Watson (Barnard Castle: The Teesdale Mercury, 1979); this edition adds the substantial ‘Middleton-in-Teesdale Fair’; Reilly (2000), 486; Reilly (1994), 501. [LC 6]

Watson, Thomas, gardener of Lasswade, Midlothian, pub. A Collection of Poems (1835). Ref ?Wilson, II, 540. [S]

Watson, Thomas (1807-75), b. Arbroath, Angus, worked as a weaver then became a house painter, contributed to many Scottish periodicals, pub. Homely pearls at random strung: poems, songs, and sketches (Edinburgh and Arbroath, 1873). Ref Reilly (2000), 487, Edwards, 2 (1881), 220-4. [S]

Watson, Walter (1780-1854), of Chryston, Lanarkshire, cowherd, soldier, weaver, pub. vols of poems and songs in 1808, 1823, 1843; selected works with a memoir by Hugh McDonald (?1853). Ref Glasgow Poets, 164-67; Macleod, 267-69; Wilson, II, 33-5. [S]

Watson, William (fl. 1820-40), of Newcastle upon Tyne, author of the songs ‘Dance to thy Daddy’, ‘Thumping luck to yon Town’, ‘Newcassel Races’ and ‘Newcastle Landlords 1834’. Ref Allan, 204-14.

Watt, Alexander (b. 1841), of East Kilbride, weaver, slater, day-labourer, from a family of rhymers, pub. in local pres including prize poem on Janet Hamilton. Ref Murdoch, 366-9; Edwards, 3 (1881), 136-41. [S]

Watt, James E (b. 1839), of Montrose, weaver, pub. Poetical sketches of Scottish life and character (Dundee, 1880). Ref Reilly (1994), 503, Murdoch, 316-20. [S]

Watt, Walter (b. 1826), of Edinburgh, tobacco-worker, pub. Sketches in prose and poetry (Glasgow, 1881). Ref Reilly (1994), 503; Edwards, 8 (1885), 225-30 [S]

Watt, William (1792-1859), ‘peasant poet and precentor’ (Edwards), of West Linton, Peebleshire, herder, weaver, singer, pub. vol. of songs in 1835, and Comus and Cupid (1844); Poems on Sacred and Other Subjects (1860). Ref inf Kaye Kossick, Edwards, 2 (1881), 51-5, Murdoch, 144-6. [S]

Watts, John George, of London, Billingsgate fish market porter, pub. Fun, feeling, and fancy: being a series of lays and lyrics (London, 1861), The blacksmith‘s daughter, and other poems (London, 1874), A lay of a Cannibal Island And other Poems, Gay and grave (London: Judd and Co. Ltd, 1887). Ref Reilly (2000), 487; Reilly (1994), 503.

Watts, Thomas (1845-87), of Wexford, tailor, pub. Woodland echoes (Kelso, 1880). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 70-76 and 12 (1889), xxi-xxii; Crocket, 190-7; Reilly (1994), 504. [I] [S]

Waugh, Edwin (1817-90), hugely successful Lancashire dialect poet, son of a Rochdale shoemaker, pub. A Ramble from Bury to Rochdale (Manchester, 1853), Sketches of Lancashire Life and Localities (Manchester, 1855), Come whoam to thy Childer an me (Manchester, 1856), Chirrup [a song] (Manchester, 1858), Poems and Lancashire Songs (Manchester, 1859), Over the Sands to the Lakes (Manchester, 1860), The Birtle Carter’s tale about Owd Bodle (Manchester, 1861), The Goblin’s Grave (Manchester, 1861), Rambles in the Lake Country and Its Borders (Manchester, 1861), Lancashire Songs (Manchester, 1863), Fourteen days in Scotland... (Manchester, 1864), Tufts of Heather, from the Lancashire Moors (Manchester, 1864), Besom Ben (Manchester, 1865), The Owd Bodle (Manchester, 1865), What ails theo, my son Robin (Manchester, 1865), Ben an’ th’ Bantam (Manchester, 1866), Poesies from a Country Garden: selections from the works, 2 vols (Manchester, 1866), Prince’s Theatre...The Grand Christmas Pantomime (Manchester, 1866), The Birthplace of Tim Bobbin (Mancester, 1867), Home-Life of the Lancashire Factory Folk During the Cotton Famine (Manchester, 1867), The Owd Blanket (Manchester, 1867), Dules-gate; or a Frish through Lancashire Clough (Manchester, 1868), Sneck-Bant; or th’ owd Tow Bar (Manchester, 1868), A Guide to Castletown... (Manchester, 1869), Irish Sketches (Manchester, 1869), Johnny O’Wobbler’s an’ th’ Two Wheeled Dragon (Manchester, 1869), Lancashire Sketches (Manchester, 1869), An Old Nest (Manchester, 1869), Snowed-up (Manchester, 1869), Rambles and Reveries (Manchester, 1872), Jarnock (or, the Bold Trencherman) (Manchester, 1873), The Old Coal Men (Manchester, 1873), Old cronies, or Wassail in a country inn (Manchester, 1875), The Hermit Cobbler (Manchester, 1878), Around the Yule Log (Manchester, 1879), In the Lake Country (Manchester, 1880), Waugh’s Complete Works, 10 vols. (Manchester, 1881), Fireside Tales (Manchester, 1885), The Chimney Corner (Manchester, 1892). Ref ODNB, Harland, 316-17, 328-9, 343-4, 372-4, 408-10, 503-4, 529-33, Ashraf (1978), I, 26; Cross, 161-3, Vicinus (1973), 750-3, Vicinus (1974), 167, 189, Maidment (1987), 249-53, 350-2, 366-8, Hollingworth, 155 [has b/w photograph], Zlotnick, 196-207; Goodridge (1999), item 124, LION, Miles, X, vi, Reilly (2000), 487-8; Reilly (1994), 504-5. [LC 5]

Webb, John (‘Kenrick Prescott’), weaver of Haverhill, Suffolk, pub. Mildenhall (1771), Poems (1772), Haverhill, a Descriptive Poem and Other Poems (London: printed for the author and sold by J. Nunn, 1810), xxiv, 119, includes subscription list with numerous local residents, ‘poems by a journeyman weaver, born in the vale of obscurity...The poem is in the form of a narrative saga, with numerous direct or oblique References to local people, places, and events. As poetry it probably has little merit: as an illustration of working-class emancipation it may have rather more’ (John Drury Rare Books catalogue 104, 2000-2001, item 149). Ref NCSTC, NLS, BL, Bod, Cranbrook, 243.

? Webbe, Cornelius, author of Summer (BL Ref Cross, 133, LION.

Webber, James B, of Melrose, pub. Rambles around the Eildons (Hawick, 1883, 2nd edn 1895). Ref Reilly (1994), 506. [S]

? Webber, John L. (‘The Dartmoor Poet’), pub. Poems on Widecombe-in-the-Moor and neighbourhood (Devonport, c. 1876). Ref Reilly (2000), 488.

? Webster, Ann, blind poet, pub Solitary Musings (London, 1825), [BL]. Ref MacDonald Shaw, 95-6; Jackson (1993), 363. [F]

Webster, David (1787-1837), of Paisley, weaver, pub. an Ode to the memory of Tannahill (1828); Original Scottish Poems; Humorous and Satirical (Paisley, 1824), Original Scottish Rhymes with Humorous and Satirical Songs (Paisley, 1835), pamphlet: An Address to Fame, or Hints on the Improvement of Weaving, newspaper pubs. Ref Brown, I, 181-88; Wilson, II, 540-41; Douglas, 304; Leonard, 92-102; NCSTC. [S]

Webster, George (b. 1846), of Stuartfield, Aberdeenshire, herd lad, ploughman, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 10 (1887), 327-31. [S]

Wedderburn, Alexander (1836), of Aberdeenshire, farm labourer, ?shoemaker, pub. in the anthology, Poems by the People. Ref Edwards, 6 (1883), 238-41. [S]

Weekes, James Eyre (fl. 1745-56), shoemaker poet, of Dublin, pub. Poems on Several Occasions (Dublin, 1743), The Cobler’s Poem. To A Certain Noble Peer, Occasioned by the Bricklayer’s Poem (Dublin, 1745), The Resurrection (Dublin, 1745), The amazon, or female courage vindicated (Dublin, 1745), Rebellion. A poem (Dublin, 1745), A Rhapsody on the stage or, the art of playing. In imitation of Horace’s Art of Poetry (1746), The gentlemen’s hourglass, or an introduction to chronology (1750), A new geography of Ireland (1752), The Young Grammarian’s Magazine of Words (1753), Solomon’s Temple, an oratorio (1753). Ref Christmas, 134-6. [LC 2] [I]

Weir, Daniel (1796-1831), of Greenock, of humbleparentage and limited education, bookseller, pub. poems in his edited collections The National Minstrel, The Sacred Lyre and Lyrical Gems. Ref Wilson, II, 155-7. [S]

? Welsh, James C., pub. Songs of a Miner (Herbert Jenkins, 1917) 125pp. Ref <> [OP]

? Welsh, William, Peebleshire Cottar of Romanno Bridge, pub. Poetical and prose works, new enlarged edition (Edinburgh, 1856, 3rd ed Edinburgh, 1875). Ref Reilly (2000), 489. [S]

? West, Jane (1758-1852), farmer’s wife, self-taught poet, patronised by Percy, author of Miscellaneous Poetry (London, 1786) and numerous other works. Ref Rizzo, 243, Jackson, 364-5, Lonsdale (1989), 379-85. [F]

? Westbury, Eliza (1808-28), of Hackleton, Northamptonshire, Hymns; by a Northamptonshire village female. To which is added, a short account of her life (Northampton, 1828). Johnson, item 957. [F]

? Westray, C., Chartist poet. Ref Kovalev, 100-1, Scheckner, 318-19.

Westwood, James (b. 1850), of Alloa, , piecer (weaver), pub. ?a volume and poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 258-63. [S]

Whalley, Robert West (b. 1848), of Blackburn, weaver from age 10, overlooker, local and dialect poet. Ref Hull, 290-302.

Wheatley, Phillis (1753?-1784), slave, author of Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral (1773; Dobell 2004-5). Ref Gents. Mag. XLIII (1773) 226; Lonsdale (1984), 616, 851; ESTC; TLS, 13 June 1986, 649; Dobell, Jackson (1993), 366-9. [F]

Wheeler, James, The Rose of Sharon: a Poem by James Wheeler, a Labouring Man (London, 1795), a ‘dire volume’ posthumously published to raise money for widow. Ref inf Tim Burke.

Wheeler, Thomas Martin, of London, woolcomber, Chartist, poet and novelist. Ref Ashraf 919787), I, 25; Kovalev, 102-3, Scheckner, 320-1, 344-5.

Whitaker, William (fl. 1870-82), of Blackburn, painter, dialect and local poet. Ref Hull, 205-13.

? White, Henry Kirke, Nottingham butcher’s son, prodigy. Ref Unwin, 118-19, Maidment (1983), 84, Richardson, 257-8, Goodridge (1999), item 125, Vincent, 145-7, LION, Miles, X, 81.

? White, Robert (1802-74), farmer’s son of Roxburghshire, poet and antiquarian, pub. The Wind. A Poem (1853), England. A Poem (1856). Ref Wilson, II, 257-60, Welford, III, 604-9. (Johnson, item 962 may relate.) [S]

? White, Walter (1811-93), of Reading, upholsterer, pub. The prisoner and his dream: a ballad (?1885). Ref Reilly (1994), 510.

Whitehead, Harry Buckley (1890-1966), of Diggle, Oldham, dialect poet, millworker from age 13 to retirement, pub. Rhymes of a Village Poet (1963). Ref Hollingworth, 156. [OP]

Whitehead, John (1797-1879), of Duns, shoemaker, pub. in the newspapers. Ref Crockett, 131-2. [S]

Whitmore, William (fl. 1850-59), Chartist poet, housepainter and friend of William  Jones, correspondent of Leatherland (q.v.),  published poems in Cooper’s Journal (1850) and Firstlings, a collection of his verse appeared in 1852 (London: John Chapman). Through his friendship with John Roebuck, a member of the London Working Men’s College, his work was brought to the note of Tom Hughes, who sponsored the publication of a further selection of his verse in 1859 under the title Gilbert Marlowe and other poems, with a preface by the author of ‘Tom Brown's school days’ (Cambridge: Macmillan, 1859)  Ref Ashton & Roberts, 62; Star Of Freedom, 7 August 1852, 3; inf from contributor. [—Ned Newitt]

? Whittell, Thomas (1683-1736), of Northumberland, ‘The Licentious Poet’, miller and humorous poet, pub. Poetical Works (1815). Ref Welford, III, 613-15.

Wickenden, William S., farm labourer of Etloe in the Forest of Dean, ‘The Bard of the Forest’, ‘as little blessed by education a fortune’, friend and neighbour of Edward Jenner, poet and novelist, pub. Count Glarus, Of Switzerland. Interspersed with some Pieces of Poetry (Gloucester, 1819), Bleddyn: a Welch national tale (London: Baldwin, Cradock and Joy, 1821, two edns), Prose and poetry of the Bard of the Forest (Cambridge: Harwood & Hall, 1825). Ref Bob Heyes; James Burmester Catalogue 47, items 168-9, 254.

? Wight, William, Cottage Poems (Edinburgh: James Ballantyne & Co, 1820). Ref information of Bob Heyes; Jackson (1985). [S]

? Wightman, Margaret Theresa, born in Ireland, lived in Dundee, mantle and millinery shopworker, pub. The Faithful Shepherd, and other poems (Edinburgh, 1876). Ref Reilly (2000), 495. [I] [S] [F]

? Wildman, Abraham, mentioned by Ashraf, nothing further known. Ref Ashraf (1978), I, 37.

Will, Charles (b. 1861), of Methlie, Aberdeenshire, asylum attendant, police officer, pub in newspapers and in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 9 (1886), 365-8. [S]

Williams, Alfred (1877-1930), self-taught folklorist and poet, author of Songs in Wiltshire (1909), Poems in Wiltshire (1911), Nature and other Poems (1912), and Cor Cordium (1913), Life in a Railway Factory (1915) Folk Songs of the Upper Thames (1923), Selected Poems (1926). Ref ODNB/DNB Missing Persons; Unwin, 165-89, Neil Philip, Between Earth and Sky (1984), 247n28. [OP]

? Williams, David (d. 1794) Welsh hymn writer and tailor. [W]

Williams, E., working man of Bristol, pub. The city at night, and other poems (London, 1864). Ref Reilly (2000), 497.

Williams, Edward (‘Iolo Morganwg’) (1746-1826). [LC 3] [W]

Williams, John (1808-66), of Lecha, Cornwall, miner, self-taught village schoolmaster, clerk, pub. Miscellaneous Poems (1859); Poems by the late John Williams, ed. by his son, Thomas Williams (London 1873). Ref Reilly (2000), 498.

Williams, William (1801-69), Welsh poet and weaver. Ref DNB. [W]

Williamson, Daniel (b. 1843), of Clyth, Caithness, ‘the blind poet’ of Inverness and Perthshire, carpenter’s son, worker in many trades, pubs. include a pamphlet, On beholding the Moon for the last Time, which ran to a second edition, and Musings in the Dark. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 53-60. [S]

Williamson, Effie (1815-82), of Selkirk, later a Galashiels weaver, daughter of another poet, ‘Mrs Williamson’, pub. five poems in Edwards, and The tangled web: poems and hymns (Edinburgh and Galashiels, 1883). Ref Reilly (1994), 515, Edwards, 2 (1881), 304-8, Edwards, 8 (1885), 192-5. [S] [F] [LC 6]

Williamson, George Joseph (b. 1816), of Rochester, Kent, fisherman’s son, charity school, errand boy, fisherman, Wesleyan Sunday school teacher, pub. The ship’s career, and other poems (London, 1860, seven edns to 1874). Ref Reilly (2000), 499.

Williamson, ‘Mrs’ (b. 1815), of Selkirk, mother of Effie Williamson, daughter of a ploughman, Robert Milne (an exceptional man who wrote for the Kelso Chronicle), in service until marriage, wrote prize-winning essays and poems for local papers and anthologies. Ref Edwards, 8 (1885), 192-5. [F] [S]

Willis, Matthew, farm labourer, The Mountain Minstrel; Or, Effusions of Retirement. Poems (York, 1834). Ref Johnson, item 972.

Wills, Ruth (fl. 1861-8), of Leicester, daughter of a soldier, educated dame school, orphaned at seven, working in warehouses from eight, pub. Lays of Lowly Life (1861, second series 1868), both in Bodleian. Ref ABC, 577-80, Reilly (2000), 500. [F]

Wilson, Alexander (1766-1813), of Paisley, author of Lochwinnoch, weaver, pedlar and packman, later eminent American ornithologist, Poems (Paisley 1790), Poems: Humorous, Satirical, and Serious (1791), The Shark or Land Mills Detected [political satire] (1793), Poems chiefly in the Scottish dialect (London, 1816), American Ornithology (from 1808). Ref ODNB; Wilson, I, 418-27; Johnson, items 974-6; Brown, I, 43-58; Leonard, 8-32 & 373; LION. [LC 3] [S]

Wilson, Alexander (1804-46), of the Manchester ‘Sun Inn’ poets group, youngest of Michael Wilson’s seven sons, author of dialect poems and ‘The Poet’s Corner’ (The Festive Wreath, 1843), and famed for ‘Johnny Green’. Ref Maidment (1987), 163-6, Ref Vicinus (1969), 35-6, Vicinus (1973), 746, Vicinus (1974), 160, Hollingworth, 156, LION.

? Wilson, Alexander Stephen, of Rayne, Aberdeenshire, son of tenant farmer, land surveyor, engineering, assisted Charles Darwin, wrote on physics, pub. A creed of to-morrow (London, 1872); Songs and poems (Edinburgh, 1884); The lyric of A hopeless love (London, 1888). Ref Reilly (2000), 501; Reilly (1994), 517. [S]

Wilson, Anne, author of Teisa: A Descriptive Poem of the River Teese, Its Towns and Antiquities. By Anne Wilson (Newcastle upon Tyne: Printed for the Author, 1778), describes herself as poor and living in rented accommodation. Ref Lonsdale (1989), 354-5, Jackson, 377. [F] [LC 2]

Wilson, Daniel (1801-81), of Pineberry Hill, Halifax, self-taught, preacher, bookseller, pub. Justice and mercy: a sacred poem (Halifax, 1883), Ref Reilly (1994), 517.

Wilson, Gavin (fl. 1780-90), shoemaker poet, pub. A Collection of Masonic Songs and entertaining anecdotes, for the use of all lodges (Edinburgh, 1788), Advertisement of thanks, in verse (Edinburgh, 1780?, 1789, 1790). Ref Winks, 313. [LC 3] [S]

Wilson, Hugh C. (‘Cowper Spearpoint’) (b. ?1845), of Cummock, Atrshire, herdsman, woodman, bailiff in Beckenham, Kent, pub. The rustic harp: a collection of poems, songs, etc., English and Scotch (Bournemouth, 1874). Ref Reilly (2000), 501, Murdoch, 406-8. [S]

Wilson, Joe (1841-72), of Newcastle upon Tyne, son of a cabinet maker and a bonnet-maker, apprentice printer, publisher, entertainer, publican; a ‘traditional working class songwriter’. Ref Allan, 473-82, Vicinus (1974), 144. [LC 6]

? Wilson, John (b. 1731-1818), of Paisley, ‘bar-officer in the Sheriff Court’, but also worked in a weaving factory and ‘was the first man in Paisley who wrought a silk web’. Ref Brown, I, 27-29. [S]

Wilson, John, of Longtown (b. 1835), joiner, businessman, temperance writer, pub. Selections of Thought from the Leisure Hours of a Working Man (1874), Saved by Song: or How John Strong became a Teetotaler (1882). Ref Edwards, 5 (1883), 377-82. [S]

Wilson, Michael (1763-1840), son of a handloom weaver, printer and furniture-broker, radical, dialect poet (as were his sons Thomas and Alexander), J. Harland (ed), The Songs of the Wilsons (1865, 1866). Ref Hollingworth, 156.

Wilson, Thomas (1773-1858), of Gateshead, poet, son of a miner, sent down the pit at eight as a trapper boy, later a merchant, schoolmaster and alderman, wrote The Pitman’s Pay in miner’s patois, first pub. in Mitchell’s ‘Newcastle Magazine’ in 1826, 1828, and 1830, reprinted by G. Watson of Gateshead, ‘but this incorrect edition was soon out of print’. Other poems were pub. in the Tyne Mercury, some reissued with notes by John Sykes, compiler of ‘Local Records.’ A collective edition of Wilson’s works, The Pitman’s Pay and Other Poems was pub. in 1843, reprinted 1872, with some additional poems and notes by the author, with a portrait and memoir. Ref ODNB/DNB, Allan, 43, 258-77, Welford, III, 650-3, Klaus (1985), 72-4.

? Wilson, Thomas, of Leeds, Chartist, poet. Ref Kovalev, 110, Scheckner, 322, 345.

Wilson, Thomas (d. 1852), dealer in smallware, son of Michael Wilson, dialect poet. Ref Hollingworth, 156.

Wilson, William (b. 1801), of Creiff, cowherd, cloth-lapper, journalist, poems in Edwards, devised ‘Poets and Poetry of Scotland’, pub. by his son James Grant Wilson, in 1877. Ref Edwards, 13 (1890), 223-31. [S]

Wilson, William (1817-50), weaver, of Paisley, pub. 12-page collection, Poetical Pieces Composed by a Young Author (Paisley, 1842). Ref Brown, II, 66-71;  Leonard, 118. [S]

Wilson, William (b. 1830), of Burntisland, blacksmith and watchmaker, pub. Echoes of the Anvil: Songs and Poems (Edinburgh, 1866, 1885). Ref Reilly (1994), 519; Edwards, 8 (1885), 69-76. [S]

Wingate, David (1828-92), of Cowglen, Renfrewshire, miner from the age of nine, later colliery manager, pub Annie Weir and Other Poems (Edinburgh, 1866), Poems and Songs, 2nd edn (London and Edinburgh, 1863; Glasgow, 1883), Lily Neil: a poem (Edinburgh, 1879). Ref Glasgow Poets, 364-68; Wilson, II, 459-65, Ashraf (1975), 242-3, Klaus (1985), 74-5, 76, Leonard, 241-60, Reilly (2000), 503-4, Reilly (1994), 519-20, Edwards, 2 (1881), 283-9; see also John Macleay Peacock, ‘To David Wingate, the Collier Poet’, in his Poems (1880), 101-3; Edwards, 13 (1890), 84. [S] [LC 6]

Wiseman, Jane Holt (fl. 1701-1717). [F] [LC 1]

Withers, James Reynolds (1812-98), ‘The Cambridgeshire Poet’, of Weston Colville, Cambridgeshire, shoemaker poet, pub. Poems upon various subjects, 3 vols (Cambridge, 1856-61), Rustic song and wayside musings, 4th edn (London, 1867), Poems (London, 1869). Ref Maidment (1987), 314-16, Reilly (2000), 504-5.

Withy, Nathan[iel], ‘The Wandering Bard’, of Wolverhampton, self-taught protegé of Lord Lylleton who gave hm a cottage on the Hagley estate; made mathematical rhymes and sold his versified multiplication tables door-to-door, author of Miscellaneous Poems (4th edn, Wolverhampton, 1777, Dobell 2101, BL 11632.aa.52); An Admonition to the Watermen (Worcester, 1786?, BL 11622.c.22(2)); A History of England (Wolverhampton, 1785, BL 16098/4724); . Ref Dobell, Staffs. Poets, 97-9, ESTC.

? Wood, Benjamin, Lancashire dialect writer, pub. “Sparks for a smithy”: Lancashire recitations, suitable for public readings or social gatherings (Bury and Manchester, 1879). Ref Reilly (2000), 505.

? Wood, John Athol, Chartist poet. Ref Kovalev, 133-4, Scheckner, 322-4. 345.

? Wood, John Wilson (1834-85), of Cupar, Fyfe, baker’s son, apprentice baker, then studied law, lived in America, returned as grocer and spirit merchant, town councillor, pub. The serpent round the soul: a poem (Edinburgh and Cupar, 1870); The gipsy heir, and other poems (Cupar-Fife, 1883); Ceres races. Ref Reilly (2000), 506; Reilly (1994), 522; Edwards 9 (1886), xxiii. [S]

Wood, Robert (b. 1850), of Newmilns, Ayrshire, handloom weaver, poems in Murdoch. Ref Murdoch, 422-3. [S]

Wood, William, weaver, of Eyam, Derbyshire, The Genius of the Peak and other Poems (London and Sheffield, 1837). Ref Johnson, item 990.

Woodhouse, James (1735-1820), shoemaker poet, pub. Poems on Sundry Occasions (1764), Poems on Several Occasions (1766), Poems on Several Occasions (1788), Norbury Park, A Poem; With Several Others, Written on Various Occasions (1803). , The Life and Lucubrations of Crispinus Scriblerus...A novel in verse. Part I (1804), The Life and Poetical Works of James Woodhouse, 2 vols. (1896). Ref ODNB, Southey, 114-21, 192-4, Staffs. Poets, 81-5, Unwin, 71, 74-6, Tinker, 97-9, Winks, 296-7, Klaus (1985), 6-21, Cafarelli, 78-9 & 81, Rizzo, 243, 254-8, Harvey, Richardson, 257, Goodridge (1999), item 131, LION, Christmas, 17, 183-210, 215. [LC 2]

Woodley, George, ‘a seaman who became a hack-writer, produced half a dozen volumes of verse, and was eventually induced, in 1820, to take Holy Orders and go to Scilly isles as a missionary’ (Harvey); pub. Mount-Edgcumbe, a descriptive poem; the shipwreck, a naval eclogue; and miscellaneous verses on several occasions. With notes (1804), Britain's bulwarks; or, The British seaman: a poem (1811), Portugal delivered, a poem (1812), The divinity of Christ proved, from his love to mankind ... and the true Church of Christ ascertained (1819), Cornubia: a poem (1819), A view of the present state of the Scilly islands (1822).

Woodrow, William (b. 1817), of Paisley, pub. poems in periodicals, 1878 collection. Ref Brown, II, 77-82. [S]

Work, Thomas Lawrence (b. 1838), of Aberdeen, printer, emigrated to Australia, poems in Edwards. Ref Edwards, 12 (1889), 211-19. [S]

Wrigglesworth, John (1856-1903), of Castleford, coal miner, pub. Grass from a Yorkshire village (Westminster, 1897). Ref Reilly (1994), 526.

Wright, John (1805-c. 1846), ‘The Galston Poet’, Ayrshire weaver poet, pub. The Retrospect or youthful scenes. With other Poems and Songs (Edinburgh, 1833), The whole poetical work of John Wright (Ayr, 1843). Ref ODNB/DNB, Edwards, 3 (1881), 121-30; Southey, xv, Wilson, II, 541-2. [S]

Wright, Orlando, mechanic, of Birmingham and York, pub. A wreath of leisure hours: poems, including an elegy on the Hartley Colliery catastrophe (Birmingham, 1862), Clifton Green: a poem, etc. (London, York and Scarbro, 1868), Maxims and epigrams (London, 1876). Ref Reilly (2000), 510.

Wright, William (‘Bill o’ th’ Hoylus End’) (b. 1836), of Haworth, Yorkshire, musician’s son, warp-dresser, strolling player, soldier, wrote ‘The Factory Girl’, pub. in his Poems (Keighley, rev. edn., 1891), also pub. Random rhymes and rambles, by Bill o’ th’ Hoylus End (Keighley, 1876). Ref Maidment (1987), 272-4, Reilly (1994), 47 & 527, Reilly (2000), 510.

? Wrigley, Ammon (1862-1946), of Saddleworth, millworker, dialect poet, pub. Saddleworth: Its Prehistoric Remains (Oldham D E Clegg 1911); Songs of a Moorland Parish with Prose Sketches. A Collection of Verse and Prose, Chiefly Relating to the Parish of Saddleworth (Saddleworth: Moore & Edwards, 1912), and other works, all apparently post-1900. Ref Hollingworth, 156; ABEbooks listings.


Yates, Henry, of Blackburn, handloom weaver, son of a railwayman , living first at Summit then at Blackburn, dialect and local poet, pub Songs of the Twilight and the Dawn. Ref Hull, 221-37, inf. Bob Heyes.

? Yates, James, ‘serving man’, pub. The Castell of Courtesie (London, 1582). Ref Cranbrook, 247.

Yearsley, Ann Cromartie (1752-1806). Born in Clifton, a village in Gloucestershire. Known also as ‘Lactilla’ or ‘the Poetical Milkwoman of Bristol’, Yearsley followed her mother’s calling as a milk woman, and learnt to read and write under the guidance of her brother William Cromartie. In 1774, she married John Yearsley, a poor yeoman farmer, and devoted the subsequent ten years to developing her writing while fulfilling her onerous duties as a farmer’ wife and mother of six children. After battling destitution in the winter of 1783-84—her family salvaged from veritable starvation—Yearsley came to the attention of the affluent Hannah More and other members of the ’Bluestocking’ circle, who enabled Poems on Several Occasions to be published by subscription. A public wrangle over control and income bore a permanent rift in Yearsley’s relationship with her patron. Hereafter, Yearsley would produce her subsequent works independently. In the 1790s social upheavals in France exacerbated a silencing of the underclass in many quarters, and Yearsley’s main income in her later years came from a circulating library she opened in Bristol in 1793. She died in obscurity in Melksham, Wilts, and it was not until the final quarter of the 20th century that Ann Yearsley began to emerge from the shadows of literary history. Yearsley tackled various forms but demonstrated a particular proclivity for occasional, commemorative and meditative lyric poetry, abounding with conventional personifications and figures of eighteenth-century verse, with a sporadic sprinkling of classical allusion. Savouring the role of ‘Lactilla’, the natural genius trying to overcome all the disadvantages of a confined education, Yearsley’s poetry is also marked by a persistent self-pity. Her work covers a wide range of concerns. The melancholy that accompanies Yearsley’s preoccupation with death is mitigated by her veneration of friendship (the ‘social angel’) and her celebration of motherhood (‘A mother only can define her joy’). In A Poem on the Inhumanity of the Slave-Trade, she exposes the phoney religion and false sensibility that the slave trade is grounded in, attacking the ‘crafty merchants’ defiling Bristol. Pub: Poems on Several Occasions, (London: Thomas Cadell, 1785), Poems on Various Subjects (1787), facsimile edition (Oxford and New York: Woodstock Books, 1994), A Poem on the Inhumanity of the Slave Trade (London: G.G.J. and J. Robinson, 1788 [Full Text On-line]), The Rural Lyre: A Volume of Poems, 1796, reprinted in The Romantics: Women Poets, 12 vols, (London: Routledge, 1996). Yearsley also wrote a novel, The Royal Captives: A Fragment of Secret History (4 vols 1795), and a play, Earl Goodwin (pub 1791). Ref ODNB/DNB, Burke in Woodman 1998, 215-30, Burke in Hughes, Mason & Smith 2002, 12-28, Tim Burke (ed), Ann Yearsley: Selected Poems (Cyder Press, 2003); Cafarelli, 79-81, Christmas 2001, 18-19, 23, 235-66, Cole & Swartz in Favret & Watson 1994, pp.143-69, Demers in Huntington Library Quarterly 56 (1993), 135-50, Doody 1985, Dorn in Battigelli & Cope 2000, pp.163-89, Falter 2002, Felsenstein in Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 21 (2002), Ferguson in The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 27 (1986), 247-68, Ferguson in Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 12 (1993), pp.13-46, Ferguson 1995, Caroline Franklin, Introduction to The Death of Amnon. A Poem by Elizabeth Hands [and] The Rural Lyre, A Volume of Poems by Ann Yearsley (London: Routledge, 1996); Griffin 2002, Heinzelman in Favret & Watson 1994, 101-24, Kahn in The Bucknell Review 42 (1988), pp.59-74, Klaus 1985, 6-10, 15-17, 20-1, Landry 1990, Lonsdale (1989), 392-401, Mahl & Koon 1977, McGann 1996, Milne (1999), 139-73, Newey in Burroughs 2000, pp.79-101, Pearson 1999, Pearson in Scragg & Weinberg 2000, 122-37, Richardson, 252-4, Richardson in Kitson & Fulford 1998, pp.129-47, Rizzo in Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 20 (1991), 241-66, Roberts 1834, Rowton, 184-6, Sales in Pirie 1994, Scheuermann 2002, Shiach, 45, 56-9, Silvester 1934, Southey 1831, 125-34, 195-8, Tinker, 99-104, 6-10, 15-17, 20-1, Tompkins 1938, Unwin 1954, 68, 77-81, Waldron 1990, Waldron 1996, Zionkowski in Eighteenth-Century Life 13 (1989), 91-108. [F] [LC 3] [—Iain Rowley]

Yewdall, John, ‘the Hunslet Toll-Keeper’, author of The Toll-Bar and Other Poems (Leeds, 1827), includes autobiographical account. Ref BL 1568/5303. Ref Johnson, item 999; Johnson 46, no. 340.

Yool, James (1792-1860), of Paisley, weaver, active in founding Paisley Literary and Convivial Association, helped to publish ‘The Caledonian Lyre’ a magazine, in 1815, contributed to the Harp of Renfrewshire and later edited Paisley Literary Miscellany to which he contributed, pub. The Rise & Progress of Oppression, or the Weavers’ Struggle for their Prices, A Tale (Paisley, 1813), The Poems and Songs and Literary Recreations of James Yool, Collected and Collated for the Paisley Burns Club by William Stewart (Glasgow, 1883), his works were collected posthumously in manuscript. Ref Brown, I, 257-64; Leonard, 63-73. [S]

Young, David (1811-1891), of Kirkcaldy, ‘The Solitary Bard’, mechanic and millwright in a linen factory, journalist and poet, pub in newspapers. Ref Edwards, 15 (1893), 282-4. [S]

Young, John (1825-91), of Milton of Campsie, Stirlingshire, moved to Glasgow, boilermaker, carter, disabled in an accident, 1853, lived in the poorhouse for six years, almost blind in later years, pub. Lays from the poorhouse: being a collection of temperance and miscellaneous pieces, chiefly Scottish (Glasgow, 1860 [but Murdoch gives 1859]). Lays from the ingle nook: a collection of tales, sketches, &c. (Glasgow, 1863), Homely pictures in verse, chiefly of a domestic nature (Glasgow, 1865), Poems and lyrics, chiefly in the Scottish dialect (Glasgow, 1868), Lochlomond side, and other poems (Glasgow, 1872), Pictures in prose and verse: or, personal recollections of the late Janet Hamilton, Langloan: together with several hitherto unpublished poetic pieces (Glasgow, 1877), Selections from my first volume, Lays from the poorhouse: (published November 1860), with an appendix containing some hitherto unpublished poems (Glasgow, 1881). Ref Glasgow Poets, 358-60; Reilly (2000), 514; Reilly (1994), 531, Murdoch, 184-8. [S]

Young, John (b. 1827), of Paisley, drawboy and weaver, pub. poems in newspapers with current proposal in the works to publish separately. Ref Brown, II, 244-47. [S]

Young, Robert (b. 1800), of Fintona, County Tyroe, nailer, granted Civil List pension of £40 in 1866, pub. The poetical works of Robert Young of Londonderry: comprising historical, agricultural, and miscellaneous poems and songs, with copious notes (Londonderry , Derby and Dublin, 1863). Ref Reilly (2000), 515. [I]

Young, Robert, working man, of Bothwell, Lanarkshire, pub. Love at the Plough, and other poems (Biggar, ?1888). Ref Reilly (1994), 531. [S]

Younger, John (1785-60), shoemaker poet, pub. Thoughts as They Rise (1834), River Angling with a treatise on salmon (1840), The Scotch Corn Law Rhyme (1841), The Light of the Week (1849), Autobiography of John Younger, Shoemaker, of St. Boswell’s (1881). Ref Winks, 319-21. [S] [LC 5]

Yule, John T (b. 1848), of Milnathort, Kinrossshire, shoemaker, letter-carrier, pub. Mable Lee: a sketch (Selkirk, 1885). Ref Edwards, 3 (1881), 225-9; Reilly (1994), 532. [S]



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