Abbreviations and Sources

Note: many of the sources listed have not been exhaustively searched.



Armstrong, Isobel, Joseph Bristow and Cath Sharrock (eds), Nineteenth-Century Women Poets (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).


Allan, Thomas, Allan’s Illustrated Edition of Tyneside Songs and Readings, with Lives, Portraits, and Autographs of the Writers, revised edition (Newcastle upon Tyne: Thomas & George Allan, 1891).

Ashraf (1975)

Ashraf, Mary (ed), Political Verse and Song from Britain and Ireland (East Berlin: Seven Seas Publishers, 1975).

Ashraf (1978) Ashraf, Mary, Introduction to Working-Class Literature in Great Britain (East Berlin, 1978), two vols: Part I. Poetry.

Ashton & Roberts Ashton, Owen and Roberts, Stephen, The Victorian Working Class Writer (London and New York: Mansell, 1999).

Barrell & Bull Barrell, John and John Bull (eds), The Penguin Book of English Pastoral verse (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974)

Blunden Blunden, Edmund, Nature in English Literature (London: Hogarth Press, 1929)

Boos (1995) Boos, Florence, ‘Cauld Engle-Cheek: Working-Class Women Poets in Victorian Scotland’, Victorian Poetry, 33, no. 1 (1995), 53-70.

Brown Brown, Robert, Paisley Poets, with Brief Memoirs of Them, and Selections from Their Poetry, two vols (Paisley: J. & J. Cook, 1889-90).

Burmester English books by and related to women (book catalogue issued by James Burmester Rare Books, catalogue 38, undated)

Cafarelli Cafarelli, Annette Wheeler, ‘The Romantic “Peasant” Poets and their Patrons’, The Wordsworth Circle, 26 (1995), 77-87.

Carpenter Carpenter, Andrew (ed), Verse in English from Eighteenth-Century Ireland (Cork: Cork University Press, 1998)

CBEL The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, ed. by F.W. Bateson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969), four volumes plus supplement (I-V)

CBEL3 The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature: IV, 1800-1900, third edition, ed by Joanne Shattock (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Christmas Christmas, William J., The Lab’ring Muses: Work, Writing, and the Social Order in English Plebeian Poetry, 1730-1830 (Newark: University of Delaware Press and London: Associated University Presses, 2001).

Craik [Craik, G L], The Pursuit of Knowledge under Difficulties; illustrated by anecdotes (London: Charles Knight, 1830-1), two vols.

Cranbrook Parnassian Molehill: An Anthology of Suffolk Verse, by The Earl of Cranbrook [1953], with a new preface by Ronald Blythe (Aldeburgh: The Aldeburgh Bookshop, 2001).

Crawford Crawford, Thomas, Love, Labour and Liberty: The Eighteenth-Century Scottish Lyric (Cheadle: Carcanet, 1976).

Cross Cross, Nigel, The Common Muse: Life in Nineteenth-Century Grub Street (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), esp. ch. 4: The Labouring Muse: Working-Class Writers and Middle-Class Culture, pp. 126-63.

Crockett Crockett, W. S. (ed), Minstrelsy of the Merse: The Poets and Poetry of Berwickshire, a County Anthology (Paisley: J. and R. Parlane, 1893).

Crossan Crossan, Greg, ‘Clare’s Debt to the Poets in His Library’, John Clare Society Journal, 9 (1991), 27-41.

Curran Curran, Stuart, ‘Isabella Lickbarrow and Mary Bryan: Wordsworthian Poets’, The Wordsworth Circle, 27, no. 2 (1996), 113-28.

Dobell Dobell, Percy J. (compiler) A Catalogue of XVIIIth Century Verse and a Catalogue of Books by and Relating to Dr. Jonathan Swift (London: P.J. & A.E. Dobell, 1933), Catalogue no. 99.

Douglas Douglas, Sir George (ed), Poems of the Scottish Minor Poets, from the age of Ramsay to David Gray (London and New York: Walter Scott, [1891]), Canterbury Poets series.

Edwards Edwards, D. H. (ed) Modern Scottish Poets, with Biographical and Critical Notices (Brechin: Edwards, 1880-97), 16 vols.

EPFTD English Poetry Full-text Database (online resource)

Eyre-Todd George Eyre-Todd (ed), Scottish Poetry of the Eighteenth Century (Glasgow, 1896), 2 vols.

Foxon Foxon, David F., English verse 1701-1750: A Catalogue of Separately Printed Poems with Notes on Contemporary Collected Editions (London: Cambridge University Press, 1975), 2 volumes.

Fullard Fullard, Joyce (ed), British Women Poets 1660-1800: An Anthology (Troy, NY: The Whiston Publishing C, 1990).

Goodridge (1989) Goodridge, John, ‘Some Predecessors of Clare: “Honest Duck”’, John Clare Society Journal, 8 (1989), 5-10.

Goodridge (1990) Goodridge, John, ‘Some Predecessors of Clare: 2, The Response to Duck’, John Clare Society Journal, 9 (1990), 17-26.

Goodridge (1999) Goodridge, John, ‘Rowley’s Ghost: a Checklist of Creative Works Inspired by Thomas Chatterton’s Life and Writings’, in Thomas Chatterton and Romantic Culture, ed. by Nick Groom (London: Macmillan, 1999), pp. 262-92.

Harland Harland, John, Ballads and Songs of Lancashire (Part 2, Modern), corrected, revised and enlarged by T.T. Wilkinson (East Ardsley, Wakefield: EP Publishing limited, 1976), facsimile edition based on the third edition of 1882.

Harvey Harvey, A.D., ‘Working-Class Poets and Self-Education’, Contemporary Review, May 1999.

Heinzelman Heinzelman, Kurt, ‘The Uneducated Imagination: Romantic Representations of Labor’, in At the Limits of Romanticism: Essays in Cultural, Feminist, and Materialist Criticism, ed. by Mary A. Favret and Nicola J. Watson (Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1994), pp. 101-24.

Hobday Hobday, Charles, ‘Two Sansculotte Poets: John Freeth and Joseph Mather’, in Writing and Radicalism, ed. by John Lucas (London and New York: Longman, 1996).

Hobsbawm & Scott Hobsbawm, E.J. and Joan Wallace Scott, ‘Political Shoemakers’, Past and Present, 89 (1980), 86-114.

Hollingworth Hollingworth, Brian (ed), Songs of the People: Lancashire Dialect Poetry of the Industrial Revolution (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1977).

Hood Hood, Edwin Paxton, The Literature of Labour (1851), expanded and developed in The Peerage of Poverty (fifth edition and final form, 1870).

Howitt Howitt, William, Homes and Haunts of the Most Eminent English Poets (London and New York: George Routledge & Co, 1847, fourth edition, 1858).

Hull Hull, George (ed), Poets and Poetry of Blackburn (Blackburn, 1902).

Jackson (1985) Jackson, J.R. de R., Annals of English Verse 1770-1835. A preliminary survey of the volumes published (New York & London: Garland Publishing, 1985).

Jackson (1993) Jackson, J.R. de J., Romantic Poetry by Women, A Bibliography, 1770-1835 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

James James, Louis, Fiction for the Working Man 1830-1850 (London: Oxford University Press, 1963), Appendix I: Working-Class Poets and Poetry, pp. 171-9. [Note: there are many small errors in this—names, titles, dates.]

Janowitz Janowitz, Anne, Lyric and Labour in the Romantic Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Jarndyce The Romantics 1790-1850 (book catalogue issued by Jarndyce Antiquarian Booksellers, catalogue 124, Spring 1998).

Johnson Johnson, C.R., Provincial Poetry 1789-1839: British Verse Printed in the Provinces: The Romantic Background (London: Jed Press, 1992).

Keegan (2003) Keegan, Bridget, ‘Snowstorms, shipwrecks and scorching heat: eighteenth-century leabouring-class locodescriptive poetry’, Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment, 10, no. 1 (Winter 2003), 75-96.

Klaus (1985) Klaus, H. Gustav, The Literature of Labour: 200 Years of Working-Class Writing (Brighton: Harvester 1985), esp. Ch. 1: Plebeian poets in eighteenth-century England.

Klaus (1998) Klaus, H. Gustav, Factory Girl: Ellen Johnstone and Working-Class Poetry in Victorian Scotland (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1998), Scottish Studies International, Volume 23.

Kovalev Kovalev, V., Anthology of Chartist Literature (Moscow, 1956).

Leonard Leonard, Tom, Radical Renfrew: poetry from the French Revolution to the First World War by poets born or sometime resident in, the County of Renfrewshire (Edinburgh: Polygon, 1990).

Lonsdale (1984) Lonsdale, Roger, The New Oxford Book of Eighteenth-Century Verse (Oxford and New York: Oxford University press, 1984).

Lonsdale (1989) Lonsdale, Roger, Eighteenth-Century Women Poets (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1989, corrected softback edition, 1990).

MacDonald Shaw MacDonald Shaw, Clare, ‘Some Contemporary Women Poets in Clare’s Library’, in John Goodridge (ed), The Indepenent Spirit: John Clare and the Self-Taught Tradition (Helpston: The John Clare Society, 1994), pp. 87-122.

Maidment (1983) Maidment, Brian, ‘Essayists and Artizans: The Making of Nineteenth-Century Self-Taught poets’, Literature and History, 9, pt. 1 91983), pp.74-91.

Maidment (1987) Maidment, Brian (ed), The Poorhouse Fugitives: Self-Taught Poets and Poetry in Victorian Britain (Manchester: Carcanet, (1987).

MBP3 Minor British Poets 1789-1918: Part Three: The Later Victorian Period 1870-1899 (Davis, California: The Library, University of California, Davis, 1986).


Miles, Alfred H. (ed), The Poets and Poetry of the Nineteenth Century, ten volumes (1891 and various later editions).

Milne (1999) Milne, Anne, ‘“Lactilla Tends Her Fav’rite Cow”: Domesticated Animals and Women in Eighteenth-Century British Labouring-Class Women’s Poetry’, PhD Dissertation, McMaster University, 1999.

Milne (2001) Milne, Anne, ‘Gender, Class, and the Beehive: Mary Collier’s “The Woman’s Labour” (1739) as Nature Poem’, Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and the Environment, 8, no. 2 (Summer 2001), 111-29.

Murdoch Murdoch, Alexander G. (ed), The Scottish Poets Recent and Living (Glasgow And London, 1883).

NCBEL The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature

NCSTC Nineteenth-Century Short-title Catalogue

Philips Phillips, Bill, ‘The Silence of the Shepherds: The Fate of Peasant Poets in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries’, in Rosa Gonzalez (ed) Culture and Power: Institutions (Barcelona, 1996), pp. 211-20.

Powell [Powell, David], ‘Clare’s Library’, in his Catalogue of the John Clare Collection in the Northampton Public Library (Northampton: County Borough of Northampton, 1964), pp. 23-34 (items numbered 88-409).

Reilly (1994) Reilly, Catherine W., Late Victorian poetry, 1880-1899: an annotated biobibliography (London and New York : Mansell, 1994).

Reilly (2000) Reilly, Catherine W., Mid-Victorian poetry, 1860-1879: an annotated biobibliography (London: Mansell, 2000).

Richardson Richardson, Alan, Literature, Education, and Romanticism: Reading as Social Practice, 1780-1832 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Ricks Ricks, Christopher (ed), The New Oxford Book of Victorian Verse (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1987).

Rizzo Rizzo, Betty, ‘The Patron as Poet Maker: The Politics of Benefaction’, Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture, 20 (1990), 241-66.

RLF Cross, Nigel, The Royal Literary Fund 1790-1918: An Introduction to the Fund’s History and archives with an index of applicants (London: World Microfilm Publications, 1984) [references to the index are given in the form ‘RLF no. xxx’]

Røstvig Røstvig, Maren-Sofie, The Happy Man: Studies in the Metamorphoses of a Classical Ideal, second edition (Oslo and New York, 1971).

Rowton Rowton, Frederick, The Female Poets of Great Britain Chronologically Arranged with Copious Selections and Critical Remarks [1853], facsimile edition, with an Introduction by Marilyn L. Williamson (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1981).

Sambrook Sambrook, James, ‘Some Heirs of Goldsmith: Poets of the Poor in the Late Eighteenth Century’, Studies in Burke and His Time 11 (1970), pp. 1348-61.

Scheckner Scheckner, Peter (ed), An Anthology of Chartist Poetry: Poetry of the British Working Class, 1830s-1850s (London and Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1989).

Shiach Shiach, Morag, Discourse on Popular Culture: Class, Gender and History in Cultural Analysis, 1730 to the Present (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1989).

Southey Southey, Robert, The Lives and Works of Our Uneducated Poets, ed. by J.S. Childers (London: Oxford University Press, 1925). First pub. as Attempts in Verse, by John Jones, an Old Servant; with Some account of the Writer, Written by Himself; and an Introductory Essay on the Lives and Works of Uneducated Poets, by Robert Southey, Esq., Poet Laureate (London, 1831)

Sparke Sparke, Archibald, Bibliographia Boltoniensis (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1913).

Staffs. Poets Poole, Charles Henry and Russell Markland (eds), Staffordshire Poets (Lytham: N. Ling & Co, 1928), Poets of the Shires series.

Tinker Tinker, Chauncey Brewster, Nature’s Simple Plan: A Phase of Radical Thought in the Mid-Eighteenth Century (Princeton and London: Princeton University Press and Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, 1922).

Turner Turner, J. Horsfall, Halifax Books and Authors, (Brighouse: the ‘News’ Office, 1906).

Tytler Tytler, Sarah and J. L. Watson, The Songstresses of Scotland (London: Strahan & Co, 1871), 2 vols.

Unwin Unwin, Rayner, The Rural Muse: Studies in the Peasant Poetry of England (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1954).

Vicinus (1969) Vicinus, Martha, ‘The Lowly Harp: A Study of Nineteenth-Century Working-Class Poetry’, PhD dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1969.

Vicinus (1970) Vicinus, Martha, ‘The Study of 19th-Century British Working-Class Poetry’, in The Politics of Literature: Dissenting Essays on the Teaching of English, ed. by Louis Kampf and Paul Lauter (New York: Random House, 1970), pp. 322-53.

Vicinus (1973) Vicinus, Martha, ‘Literary Voices of an Industrial Town: Manchester, 1810-70’, in The Victorian City: Images and Realities, ed. by H.J. Dyos and Michael Wolff (London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973), pp. 739-61.

Vicinus (1974) Vicinus, Martha, The Industrial Muse: Nineteenth-Century British Working-Class Literature (Croom Helm, 1974); developed from Vicinus (1969), with substantive changes.

Vincent Vincent, David, Bread, Knowledge and Freedom: A Study of Nineteenth-Century Working Class Autobiography (London and New York: Methuen, 1981).

Warwicks. Poets Poole, Charles Henry (ed), Warwickshire Poets (London: N. Ling & Co, 1914), Poets of the Shires series.

Welford Welford, Richard, Men of Mark ’Twixt Tyne and Tweed, three volumes (London: Walter Scott, 1895).

Williams Williams, John, ‘Displacing Romanticism: Anna Seward, Joseph Weston and the Unschooled Sons of Genius’, in Placing and Displacing Romanticism, ed. by Peter J. Kitson (London: Ashgate, 2001), pp. 48-59.

Wilson Wilson, James Grant (ed), The Poems and Poetry of Scotland from the Earliest to the Present Times, (London, Glasgow and Edinburgh, 1876), two volumes.

Winks Winks, William Edward, Lives of Illustrious Shoemakers (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1883)

Worrall Worrall, David, Radical Culture: Discourse, Resistance and Surveillance, 1790-1820 (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1992)

Wright Wright, W. H. Kearley, West Country Poets: Their Lives and Works (London, 1896).

Zlotnick Zlotnick, Susan, Woman, Writing and the Industrial Revolution (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998).


Poets A - Z
Email Tim Burke